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Code of practice launched for investigators of fire and explosions in criminal justice system

Guidance A new code of practice for the investigation of fires and explosions within the criminal justice system has been published. Developed by a multi-agency team led by the University of Dundee the new code is backed by the Chief Fire Officers Association, the Institution of Fire Engineers and the UK Association of Fire Investigators. The code, which was presented at the Scottish Fire Symposium at the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service Headquarters and Training Centre in Glasgow on 16 May, provides professional guidance for practitioners tasked with examining incidents where a crime is suspected.

The guidance is aimed at all such practitioners regardless of which agency they represent. The new code sets out to establish clear standards to aid in the gathering and examination of evidence in any investigation. Expert witnesses in criminal cases are now required to declare adherence to the code of practice. Consistency and quality This Code of Practice provides significant clarity as to what can reasonably be expected of those who investigate fires and is another significant step towards providing consistency and improved quality in this area, said Lee Howell, independent chairman of the Arson Prevention Forum. Arson remains one of the most difficult crimes to prosecute and improved investigation will undoubtedly assist to reduce the significant cost and consequence that Arson presents. Professor Niamh Nic Daeid of the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification at the University of Dundee chaired the multi-agency team that formulated the code of practice. The importance of this document cannot be underestimated, he said. It has taken six years to prepare as we consulted with the community of practitioners from across the UK and beyond to make sure that we represented their views of where they wanted their profession to aspire to in terms of competence, expertise and practice. The code will bring a standardised approach across the fire investigation sector in terms of good practice and understanding the obligations of being expert witnesses to the courts.

Dr Nick Carey, the President of the UK Association of Fire Investigators (UK-AFI), said: The UK-AFI is delighted to support the Code of Practice. Several of our members were involved with the preparation of the document and a large number of members provided valuable feedback during the consultation process. The document will provide valuable generic and UK specific guidance to fire investigators.

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Genetec announces product line-up

IFSEC 2017 During IFSEC in June, Genetec will be exhibiting Security Center 5.6, with new HTML5 web client, as well as previewing access control-as-a-service and new applications for retail and law enforcement. Montreal-based Genetec, which provides open architecture security and public safety solutions, will be at stand F500 at IFSEC taking place at ExCeL in London from 20-22 June. On its stand the company will demonstrate and preview its latest technologies that help integrators as well as end-users protect, improve and implement security measures within their environments.

Genetec will demonstrate Security Center 5.6, the latest version of the company s unified, open architecture IP security platform. Visitors will also be able to learn about Genetec Retail Sense, an analytics application for retail marketing and operations, as well as Genetec Clearance, which is a collaborative case management offering for law enforcement and security professionals. In addition a wide range of supported video, access control, and storage hardware and software systems from the Genetec ecosystem of partners will also be demonstrated. Synergis Genetec plans to offer a preview of its upcoming Synergis access-control-as-a-service, which can minimise reliance on corporate IT, eliminating the need for servers on premises and other costly IT equipment. Connected to Microsoft Azure, the technology can be deployed quickly and readily and can also be scaled as companies grow, providing maximum security for customer data. Genetec will also sponsor a new, speaking series called Borders & Infrastructure Theatre, to address the specific needs for managing large-scale multi-stakeholder security issues, like border control, critical national infrastructure, law enforcement and transport security. Andrew Elvish, vice president of marketing at Genetec says: Visitors to our stand at IFSEC this year will see that despite the extraordinary technology on display, Genetec s focus remains squarely on protecting the everyday. This latest version of Security Center includes advanced authentication, authorisation and encryption standards plus a new HTML5 web client with an enhanced mapping interface, new access control and video device integrations, as well as the ability to use number plates as access control credentials with the new AutoVu SharpV camera. Genetec recently released the latest version of off-street parking enforcement software Free-Flow.

The company has also been confirmed as sponsor of the Borders & Infrastructure Expo, which makes its debut within IFSEC this year. Check out the latest solutions from Genetec at IFSEC International, 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. You can find Genetec on stand F500.

Get your free badge now. Visit Europe s only large-scale security event in 2017 Taking place in London, 20 22 June 2017, IFSEC International gives you exclusive hands-on access to over 10,000 security solutions, live product demonstrations, and networking with over 27,000 security professionals. Covering every aspect of security, from access control and video surveillance to smart buildings, cyber, border control and so much more.

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More than half of UK business owners unaware of incoming data protection law

GDPR Some 84% of small business owners and 43% of senior executives of large companies in the UK are unaware of the forthcoming General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), according to a study by Shred-it. From May 2018 the GDPR will replace existing European data protection laws. The purpose of the law is to bring greater strength and consistency to the data protection given to individuals within the EU.

Shred-it s Security Tracker survey, conducted by Ipsos, also found that only 14% of small business owners and 31% of senior executives knew the fine associated with the new regulation, which is up to ‘ 20 million or 4% of global turnover, even despite 95% of senior executives and 87% of small business owners claiming to have some understanding of their industry s legal requirements. If businesses breach the forthcoming legislation and fail to grasp its implications they not only risk severe financial penalties, but also any reputational damage. Research shows that 64% of executives agree that their organisation s privacy and data protection practices contribute to reputation and brand image. Only 40% of senior executives, claiming to be aware of the law, have begun to prepare for the GDPR. This is in spite of 60% agreeing that the change in legislation would put pressure on their organisation to change information security policies. Robert Guice, senior vice president Shred-it EMEAA, says: From implementing stricter internal data protection procedures such as staff training, internal processing audits and reviews of HR policies, to ensuring greater transparency around the use of personal information, businesses must be aware of how the legislation will affect their company to ensure they are fully compliant. According to Guice, governmental bodies such as the Information Commissioner s Office (ICO), must take a leading role in supporting businesses to get GDPR ready, by helping them to understand the preparation needed. We recently reported on how the Minister for Digital and Culture offered reassurances over the impact of a data protection law coming into force next year on the use of facial recognition technology for crime-fighting purposes. Check out the findings of the Shred-It survey in infographic form below Attend IFSEC International 2017 to stay protected As systems and software become increasingly connected, the consequences of a cyber-attack become greater every day, with the average breach costing businesses up to $3.8 million, do not leave it until tomorrow to act.

Visit and see the latest product developments from leading suppliers, live hacking demonstrations, and education from the best in the industry, Cyber & IT Security at IFSEC is an area you can t afford to miss.

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TDSi and Litestar announce Singapore partnership

Asian markets UK-based integrated security products manufacturer TDSi has entered a partnership with Singaporean installer Litestar Technologies to increase its foothold in the region. Litestar supplies integrated electronic security systems to small and mid-sized firms, as well as multinationals and governments the Asia-Pacific region. John Davies, managing director of TDSi, says: Litestar is a premium security installation expert with considerable technical expertise and unrivalled local market knowledge This is a very exciting region to be involved with and we look forward to growing our business together.

Though Singapore is a mature market for access control, it remains lucrative and Litestar is confident there is scope for growing its market share with TDSi. Singapore is a fast-paced and cosmopolitan state undergoing plenty of change. TDSi s scalable products are well suited to the local market. In addition the company offers a wide range of access control products, which can integrate with third party systems, which allows Litestar to offer customers a fully integrated security offering. Litestar Technologies was established in 2007 by a group of security professionals with the aim of bringing world-class technologies in security to all its customers that also provide a good return on investment. Check out the latest security solutions from TDSi at IFSEC International, 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. You can find them on stands A1250 and B1250. Get your free badge now. Can you afford not to attend?

Driven by rising concerns over public and private sector safety, the access control market is set to be worth a substantial $8.6 billion by 2018. Register for IFSEC International 2017 to discover the latest products designed to protect your buildings, your assets, and your people. Meet with leading access control suppliers, quiz them first hand on their latest products and see new technology in action.

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Vanderbilt to demonstrate SPC Connect and ACT365 at IFSEC 2017

Cloud-based solutions At IFSEC International 2017, being held 20-22 June in London s ExCeL, Vanderbilt will be exhibiting its cloud-based security products and services. Alongside Vanderbilt s access control, intrusion and video products, the company will also be demonstrating SPC Connect, which allows installers to monitor, manage, and maintain Vanderbilt SPC panels remotely from portable electronic devices including smartphones. Also on display will be ACT365, Vanderbilt s integrated access control and video management system, which allows for remote setup, servicing and support.

Both are cloud-based so the power, scalability and simplicity of the cloud can be leveraged for the delivery of new features. Joe Grillo, CEO of Vanderbilt, says: Having transformed other areas of business and industry, the cloud is now set to revolutionise the security industry. The cloud is the name given to computing functions and services hosted off-site. These tend to be provided as a service and can be accessed over any internet-enabled device. Market research firm IDC recently estimated that cloud services will grow 24% to $122 billion ( 94 billion) in 2017. Of this, software-as-a-service business applications, such as Vanderbilt s SPC Connect and ACT365, will attract 60% of all cloud spending. The cloud lets security installers set up, manage and maintain large, networked security systems remotely, so they can reduce site visits, saving time and money, by addressing service issues that can be resolved remotely instead. embedded content End-users benefit from a system that can be maintained more efficiently and reconfigured and adapted as their requirements change. Cloud-based security products and offerings from Vanderbilt help integrate core security functions such as access control, intrusion and video.

As an example, ACT365 allows remote verification of a building s visitor from real-time video images captured at the point of entry. Access can then be granted remotely. If a door is forced or an alarm is activated, ACT365 gives users immediate recall and locates recorded footage of the incident. This eliminates time and effort traditionally required to match up times on different security systems and sift through camera footage to locate an incident. Borrowing from the pay-as-you-go model common to most cloud services, Vanderbilt s cloud-based solutions are affordable and offer flexibility for growing organisations. Vanderbilt is sharing its expertise in cloud-based security solutions in a presentation called Cloud on the Horizon: Are you prepared? that will address a range of topics and provide advice for those seeking to integrate their security needs with cloud computing. Check out the latest security solutions from Vanderbilt at IFSEC International, 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. You can find them on stand E1225.

Get your free badge now. Can you afford not to attend? Driven by rising concerns over public and private sector safety, the access control market is set to be worth a substantial $8.6 billion by 2018. Register for IFSEC International 2017 to discover the latest products designed to protect your buildings, your assets, and your people. Meet with leading access control suppliers, quiz them first hand on their latest products and see new technology in action.

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FSA to celebrate 10th anniversary with free drinks reception

IFSEC 2017 In addition to a free drinks reception at its stand, the Fire & Security Association (FSA) will also be presenting a smart technology-focused seminar, during the show. Fire and security business representatives are invited to attend the FSA s 10th birthday celebrations at the IFSEC and FIREX International conference taking place next month. The FSA will be hosting a free drinks reception on its stand, number C230, which is within the FIREX area, on Wednesday 21 June from 5-7pm.

Speeches will be given by the FSA s chairman, Pat Allen, and head of the FSA, Steve Martin, on the trade body s achievements since its formation in 2007. Martin will also give a talk titled Connected buildings disconnected people? on Thursday 22 June at 2pm, focusing on the commercial and social opportunities associated with smart technology. Martin said: IFSEC and FIREX International is undoubtedly one of the biggest occasions on the fire and security calendar. The FSA is delighted to be celebrating our tenth birthday at this year s show and we look forward to welcoming attendees to the FSA stand to recognise our achievements. He hopes the seminar on the commercial opportunities associated with smart technology provides engineers and installers with new ideas on how to grow and diversify their businesses. IFSEC and its sister event FIREX International are being held from Tuesday 20 to Thursday 22 June at ExCeL London. Visit FIREX International for cutting-edge solutions, essential knowledge and the ability to grow your business by getting direct access to the whole fire safety industry. It is the perfect place to get your product in front of thousands of buyers, across a multitude of featured areas.

From the brand new Drone Zone, the ARC Village, ASFP Passive Protection Zone, the Engineers of Tomorrow competition and more, it s all under one roof so you ll never miss a beat.

Click here to register your place now to join us at London Excel on 20 22 June

Genetec releases latest version of off-street parking enforcement software Free-Flow

Security Center During the 2017 International Parking Institute (IPI) Conference and Expo, Montreal-headquartered Genetec will demonstrate the latest version of Free-Flow, its off-street parking enforcement software. Genetec, a provider of open architecture software, hardware and cloud-based solutions for security and public safety, will be at booth number 1115 at the IPI conference and expo in New Orleans on 24 May. The company is also exhibiting at IFSEC International 2017, Europe s largest security exhibition, at London ExCeL, between 20-22 June.

Free-Flow will be offered within Genetec Security Center, the company s holistic security platform that combines video surveillance, access control and automatic license plate recognition. Using AutoVu Free-Flow, parking enforcement officers can identify lots with unenforced violations and then adjust their patrol routes in response to improve the rates at which they record and process violations. Compliance Increasingly parking property owners are choosing to implement gateless parking to reduce vehicle congestion and improve convenience for parking. AutoVu Free-Flow allows owners to maintain compliance with parking rules in the absence of gates. As Free-Flow now forms part of Security Center, parking managers can monitor occupancy and violations across all parking lots under their management, from one location. Genetec Plan Manager is an interactive and graphical mapping application allowing operators to visualise and manage environments. With Plan Manager and Free-Flow in Security Center, parking lot owners can navigate and oversee many car parks via the installed automatic licence plate recognition that is also installed with Security Center. Free-Flow provides parking officers a real-time view of how many vehicles are in parking lots across all their facilities, and how many are parked illegally. With these precise details of where and when violations are taking place, parking managers know where to dispatch officers to ensure higher compliance, says Charles Pitman, Genetec s product marketing manager at Genetec.

All attendees to the IPI trade show are welcome to attend A Pragmatic Look at Big Data: Perspectives from License Plate Recognition , which Pitman is presenting. The first series of updates for Genetec Free-Flow are expected to be available at the end of May 2017 with further updates planned in July 2017. Genetec also recently integrated gunshot detection into Security Center and expanded its access control platform with SimonsVoss e-locks. And Genetec has been confirmed as sponsor of IFSEC International s brand new show within a show , Borders & Infrastructure Expo. Check out the latest solutions from Genetec at IFSEC International, 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. You can find Genetec on stand F500. Get your free badge now. Europe s only large-scale security event in 2017 Taking place in London, 20 22 June 2017, IFSEC International gives you exclusive hands-on access to over 10,000 security solutions, live product demonstrations, and networking with over 27,000 security professionals. Furthermore, take advantage of discounts up to 30% available exclusively at the show.

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Hanwha Techwin MD Bob Hwang: We spotted the potential of AI before anyone else

A little over a year ago few people in the security sector had heard of Hanwha Techwin. The company has since done plenty of work to instill in the industry s mind that Samsung Techwin has now become Hanwha Techwin following its acquisition by the Hanwha Group in December 2014. It has also sought to reassure installers, system integrators and distributors that nothing has fundamentally changed.

With IFSEC International 2017 where Hanwha Techwin is exhibiting its video surveillance products and solutions only a few weeks away, Bob (HY) Hwang PhD, the company s MD, discusses the company s latest product development, artificial intelligence, warranties and customer support services for the whole supply chain. Check out security solutions from Hanwha Techwin at IFSEC International, 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. You can find Hanwha Techwin on stand G800. Get your free badge now. IFSEC Global: Hi Bob. Can we expect to see any new products from Hanwha Techwin over the coming months? Bob (HY) Hwang PhD: There will be a surprise or two for visitors to our stand at IFSEC International, but in the main we have already set out our stall in terms of our product offering for 2017. Although there will be further additions to each of our camera series in order to give customers the widest possible choice, we are now at a stage where we have a formidable range of cameras and recording devices which provide entry level options for small offices and shops, as well as ultra high performance solutions for high security and mission critical applications. Hanwha Techwin s silver, gold and diamond-level STEP Partners are now able to take advantage of an extended five-year warranty programme Our new H.265 Wisenet X cameras, supercharged by the most powerful chipset ever incorporated into a full camera range which we launched just a few weeks ago, have already attracted considerable interest from installers and system integrators throughout Europe.

Collectively, with our feature rich 2MP and 4MP Wisenet Q and premium 4K (12MP) Wisenet P cameras, the 2MP and 5MP Wisenet X models enable us to provide a cost effective solution for any video surveillance project. IG : What else are you doing to stand out in this highly competitive market? BH: As we have said on previous occasions, having Best in Class products is not enough to win additional market share or earn the loyalty of existing customers. We must also offer the highest levels of pre and post sales support, and most importantly, demonstrate the respect we have for our customers. By this I mean we must show that we think of them as business partners and we very much appreciate the part they are playing in our success, and in return, we are doing everything possible to help them succeed. IG: Can you give some examples of what this means in practical terms? BH: The recent announcement that we have enhanced our warranty support is an excellent example. In a fiercely competitive market, we are always looking to provide installers and system integrators with a competitive edge. Hanwha Techwin s Silver, Gold and Diamond level STEP Partners are now able to take advantage of an extended five-year Warranty Program which covers parts and labour on all Hanwha Techwin IP cameras and NVRs, with the exception of zoom/focus functionality, pan/tilt motor assemblies, slip-rings and HDDs, which will remain at three years.

Our video surveillance products have proved to be exceptionally reliable. This provides us with the opportunity to reward the loyalty and support of our STEP Partners by providing them with improved warranty terms which they can offer to their clients. Whilst the five-year warranty is designed for Silver, Gold and Diamond STEP Partners, everyone else will continue to benefit from existing three-year warranty terms. Most camera models in our Wisenet X range provide the ability to immediately check view angles via a smartphone, by using an onboard USB port and Wi-Fi IG: And what are you doing for installers? BH: We are also continually looking to help installers by, for example, reducing the time and cost of installations. This is why most camera models in our Wisenet X range provide the ability to immediately check view angles via a smartphone, by using an onboard USB port and Wi-Fi. The Gyro sensors incorporated into many of the Wisenet X cameras and domes also make life easier for installers as they greatly add to the stability of cameras in windy conditions in exposed open areas. Keeping to our commitment to remain vigilant and ensure Wisenet cameras are equipped to minimise the threat from cyber attacks, is another way in we can show respect and consideration to our customers, as it is not just our reputation which is on the line when end-user client s confidential data is at risk. Installer and system integrators who source video surveillance solutions from Hanwha Techwin can sleep well at night knowing we are protective of their relationships with their clients.

We are doing whatever is possible to protect the integrity of the systems they install and will not endanger their reputation with their clients by allowing hackers to get in through the back door . We are also able to justify the decision of customers to choose Hanwha Techwin as their preferred supplier by helping them keep one step ahead of their competitors. We are doing this by continuing to research and develop innovative new technologies and by establishing technology partnerships with other manufacturers who are experts in their respective fields. We are concentrating on developing AI cameras and storage devices capable of autonomously detecting abnormal movements and situations by utilising the NVIDIA platform IG: We ve noticed that Hanwha has been speaking a lot about AI (artificial intelligence) BH: We are the first manufacturer operating in the electronic security sector to recognise the tremendous potential of AI technology. This is reflected in the global partnership we have established with NVIDIA. We are planning to collaborate on the intelligent video analysis platform which is currently being developed by NVIDIA. This will feature AI GPUs based on deep learning on security devices, such as cameras and storage media, and will allow for fast and accurate video analysis data which provides meaningful information to customers. We will be concentrating on developing AI cameras and storage devices capable of autonomously detecting abnormal movements and situations by utilising the NVIDIA platform, which we will apply to our city surveillance, retail and traffic solutions. With market requirements constantly evolving, an open platform provides the opportunity for existing edge-based specialist applications (and those that will be developed in the future) to be run on board Wisenet cameras.

IG: Research company Marketsandmarkets has estimated the video surveillance market was worth $30.37 Billion in 2016 and is projected to reach $75.64bn by 2022. How well equipped is Hanwha Techwin to take advantage of this growth? BH: From a production point of view, the recent announcement that we are developing a new production facility on a 60,000m site in Vietnam as part of a $100m investment in our new subsidiary, is a clear demonstration we intend to have the capability to fulfil the growth in demand for our products. We are also determined to excel in everything we do and we will move forward by listening, innovating, thinking outside of box and most importantly, by respecting and valuing our business and technology partners. With this mindset, I have no doubt that we will achieve great success for ourselves and our customers. Check out security solutions from Hanwha Techwin at IFSEC International, 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. You can find Hanwha Techwin on stand G800.

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Dental Public Health

Jul 26, 2015

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Dental Public Health Dental Public Health Introduction Topics Historical Development Dental Care Delivery in the United States around the world Financing Dental Care Legislative Initiatives Education and Promotion Target Populations Lesson Plan Program Planning Program Evaluation Oral Epidemiology Research Methods Biostatistics Evaluation of Literature and Products Careers in the Government Entreprenurial Initiatives Board Review The Prevention Movement Dental Hygiene s Relation to Dental Public Health Historical Development Dental Hygiene as Forerunner to the Prevention Movement Dr. Alfred Fones Founder of Dental Hygiene School and First Author of Dental Hygiene College Textbook Historical Development Continued Practice Settings Schools Industry Military Hospitals Professional Organizations Preventive Modalities Dental Hygiene Treatment Fluoridation Xylitol Dental Sealants Oral Cancer Exams and Tobacco Cessation Nutritional Counseling Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) Mass Education/Media Dental Care Delivery In the United States Dental Care Delivery Vehicles of Dental Care in the United States FEDERAL Departments of the Federal Government NONGOVERNMENT Private Practice Institutions, Schools Insurance-Based Models STATE Departments of State State Prisons Community Clinics, Schools Dental Public Health The oral health care and education, with an emphasis on the utilization of dental hygiene sciences, delivered to a target population Factors Affecting Dental Health Access to Care ‘ Restriction of dental hygiene services ‘ Shortage of Medicaid providers ‘ Financial Situations Insurance Medicaid ‘ Transportation Factors Affecting Dental Health, Continued SES Relation to Dental Health Dental Hygiene Sciences Increase in the Geriatric Populations Malpractice Insurance Changes Federal Influence Executive Branch System Legislation Senate and House of Representatives President and Cabinet Federal Court Executive Judicial Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Operating Division Human Services Operating Division Public Health Service Operating Division National Institutes of Health Food and Drug Administration Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Indian Health Services Health Resources and Services Administration Agency for Health Care Policy and Research Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Human Services Operating Division Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Medicaid Medicare Administration for Children and Families Administration on Aging Public Health Service PHS works toward improving and advancing the health of our nation. U.S.

Surgeon General Dental Hygienists work as Public Health Officers. Other Federal Departments Influencing Dental Care Agriculture Defense Education Justice Labor State Treasury Veteran s Affairs United States Peace Corps (which is an executive branch agency) Individual State Influence State Dental Divisions Medicaid S-CHIPS Prisons Tribal Clinics Institutions Community Clinics Dental Health Care Personnel Need Demand Utilization Supply Dental Hygiene Shortages Dental Hygienist to Dentist Employment Ratio = 1:2 Dental Finance Public and Private Funding of Dental Care Historical Funding of Dental Care Patient s Responsibility The Advent of Dental Insurance Medicaid Coverage for Dental Services Today s Dental Financing Payment Methods Fee-for-Service Capitation Plans Encounter Fee Plans Barter System Fee-for-Service A dental practice sets a fee, and a patient and/or third party pays for the fee. UCR: usual, customary and reasonable fee Indemnity plans pay fee-for-service. Discounted coverage available and sliding scales for certain patients in certain clinics Capitation Method Dental Managed Care A certain amount is paid to a dental practice for a certain number of patients. Payment is received whether treatment is provided or not. Many times employees will state that they are not paid for cleanings provided; however, this is not an accurate statement. Encounter and Barter Encounters are for an arrangement paid for each visit. Barter system is used when the dental provider negotiates payment by exchanging goods and services. Insurance Plans Dental Service Corporations Health Service Corporations Preferred Providers Organizations Individual Practice Associations Capitation Programs Dental Billing ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ Claim Form ADA CDT Payment Plans Dental Credit Cards Explanation of Benefits Government Role Research Disease Prevention Disease Control Program Planning and Operation Funding for the Education of Dental Professionals Regulation Government s Role U.S.

PHS Federal Block Grants State Governments Local Governments Medicaid Title XIX State/Federal Program Your State s Medicaid Program Other State s Medicaid Program Dental Care Delivery Around the World International Dental Health Care Dental Diseases Historical Perspective Demographics and the Dental Hygienist Global Education of the Dental Hygienist The Role of the Dental Hygienist Access to Care in Other Countries International Dental Health Care, Continued Dental Public Health Programs and Campaigns Oral Health Policies Lobbying Groups International Dental Organizations International Overview Related Dental Professionals Regulation of Dental Hygienists Independent Practice Portability of Licensure Future of Dental Hygiene Legislative Initiatives Affecting Dental Hygiene Practice In the United States Issues in the United States Preceptorship/Alternative Education On-the-Job Training for Supragingival Scaling Restrictive Supervision Laws Affecting Access to Care Advanced Dental Hygiene Practitioner State Governments Legislative Executive Judicial Major Bodies of Law Common Law Statutory Law Constitutional Law Administrative Law Laws Pertaining to Dental Hygiene State Dental Hygiene Practice Act, sometimes referred to as the statute Supervision Status State Dental Board Administrative Law Governs Dental Hygienists and the Practice of Dental Hygiene Rules and Regulations Self-Regulation Supervision Types Unsupervised Independent Practice Collaborative Practice General Supervision Indirect Supervision Direct Supervision International Overview Related Dental Professionals Regulation of Dental Hygienists Independent Practice Portability of Licensure Future of Dental Hygiene Dental Health Education and Promotion Health Education Principles Five Dimensional Health Model Physical Mental Social Spiritual Emotional Dental Health Education Goal: to prevent dental diseases utilizing appropriate dental health interventions Health Education Principles Health Education: the education of health behaviors that bring an individual to a state of health awareness Health Promotion: the informing and motivating of people to adopt health behaviors Health Behavior: an action that helps prevent illness and promotes health for a population Goals of Dental Health Education Provide Effective Dental Health Education. Change Values Aimed at Improving Health. Healthy Behaviors Stages of Learning Unawareness Awareness Self-Interest Involvement Action Habit Transtheoretical Model Precontemplation Contemplation Preparation Maintenance Action Theory of Reasoned Action Attitude toward the behavior Subjective norms Perceived behavioral control Intention Behavior Social Cognitive Theory Self-Efficacy Theory Knowledge Behavior Environment Empowerment Models Participant Oriented Social Environments Motivation Motivation is the will of the individual to act. Maslow s Heirarchy of Needs Self-Actualization Need for Self-Esteem Belongingness and Love Safety Needs Physiological Needs Behavioral Conditioning Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Modeling Lesson Plan Development Assessment Phase Assess target populations needs interests abilities Assess resources Dental Hygiene Diagnosis Formulate Findings from Assessment into a Diagnosis. Prioritize Goals. Planning Broad Goal Formulation Specific Objectives Select Teaching Methods. Implementation Be Prepared. Effective Teacher Characteristics Evaluation Qualitative Measurement Quantitative Measurement Information Provided to Appropriate Parties Target Populations For the Practicing Hygienist Target Populations A group of individuals with similarities of some sort whether it be age, race, educational background, life situations, and/or health conditions Specific Target Populations Family Caregivers Health Care Workers Hospice Workers Persons with Medical Conditions/ Diseases Developmentally Disabled Hearing Impaired Visual Impairments School Teachers Social Workers Ages Prenatal Infancy Children Adults Older Adults Cultural Diversity The social, ethnic, and cultural elements that compose a person. Barriers to Dental Hygiene and Dental Care Age Culture Education Transportation Illiteracy No providers Social Issues Language No Finances Values Attitudes Invulnerability Education Levels Habit Lack of Faith Safety Denial of Disease Convenience Provider Conflicts Misunderstanding Fear Program Planning For the Dental Hygienist What is a dental public health program?

Educational, clinical, and referral services to a target population Preventive Programs School Fluoride Mouthrinse Programs School Dental Sealant Programs Xylitol Programs Mouthguard Programs Dental Health Educational Programs Tobacco Cessation Programs Denture Identification Programs Dental Public Health Programs Healthy Smile Program Inner City Health Center Dental Program Soroptomist Dental Project Matthew 25 Operation Smile Dental Hygiene Program Planning Paradigm Assessment Population s dental needs Demographics Facility Personnel Existing Resources Funding Dental Hygiene Program Planning Paradigm, Continued Dental Hygiene Diagnosis Prioritization of needs Formulation of diagnosis to provide goals and objectives for blueprint Methods to measure goals Blueprint Address constraints and alternatives. Planning Dental Hygiene Program Planning Paradigm, Continued Implementation Program will begin operation. Revision and changes identified and employed Measuring goals Qualitative and quantitative evaluation Ongoing revisions employed Evaluation Program Evaluation Dental Public Health Program Evaluation Program Planning ‘ Objectives Measurement of Objectives Formative Summative Evaluation Techniques Traditional Nonclinical Measurements Interviews Surveys Basic BSS Dental Indexes Clinical Methods Government s Evaluation Healthy People 2010 Objectives and Evaluation Mechanisms NOHSS Call to Action Oral Epidemiology Study of Oral Diseases Multifactorial Nature of Disease Terminology Epidemic Endemic Pandemic Disease Rates Mortality Morbidity Prevalence Incidence Etiology Surveilance Risk Factors Index Oral Epidemiology Reports Morbidity and Mortality (MMWR) Healthy People Reports Surgeon General s Report Call to Action Global Oral Data Bank Epidemiology of Oral Diseases Periodontal Diseases Tooth Loss Dental Caries Oral Cancer Cleft Lip/Palate Injury Toothaches Research In Dental Hygiene Significance of Research to Dental Hygiene Dental public health is based upon programs that have demonstrated effectiveness in achieving health for the population. Types of Research Historical Descriptive Epidemiological Survey Observational Case Studies Correlational Longitudinal Cross-sectional Retroactive Experimental (Prospective) Quasi-experimental Beginning Research Research Question Does Brand X toothpaste whiten teeth? Positive Hypothesis Brand X toothpaste does significantly whiten teeth. There is no statistically significant difference between Brand X and a placebo when comparing the whitening of teeth. Null Hypothesis Research Design Formulating a hypothesis Review of the literature Methods and materials Statistical evaluation Experimental Approaches Two group pretest/post-test designs Time series Post-test only Solomon three and four group Factorial Placebos Control groups Sampling Techniques Randomization Systematic Convenience Stratifying Informed Consent Informed Consent is part of examining the ethics of the research project as a whole. Dental Research Biostatistics Categorizing Data Discrete or Continuous Nominal Ordinal Interval Ratio Descriptive Statistics Measures of Central Tendency Mean Median Mode Measures of Dispersion Range Variance Standard Deviation The Normal Distribution Gaussian Distribution Bell-Shaped Curve Skewed Data Graphing Data Frequency Distribution Table Grouped Frequency Table Bar Graph Histogram Polygon 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr East West North Correlation Correlation Coefficients Positive Correlation Negative Correlation Strong Correlation Correlation Pearson Product Movement Correlation Coefficient Spearman Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient Statistical Decision Making Probability Type I Error Type II Error Degrees of Freedom Inferential Statistics Parametric Inferential Statistics Student t-test Analysis of Variance Nonparametric Inferential Statistics Chi Square Test Other Nonparametric Tests Interpretation of Data Statistical Significance Clinical Significance Research Results Validity: Results of the study can be inferred to the general population. Reliability: The study was conducted in a controlled manner and if repeated would lend the same results; thus, the study is reproducible.

Evaluation of Scientific Literature and Dental Products Regulation of Dental Care Products Food and Drug Administration American Dental Association Seal of Acceptance Dental Hygienist s Role Critical consumer Patient education Awareness of advertising techniques Evaluation of Scientific Literature Introduction Purpose Research Design Sample Selection Product Usage Examiners Statistical Significance Results Careers in Dental Public Health Positions for the RDH U.S.

PHS VA Hospitals Federal Prisons Military Base Clinics Other Agencies United States RDH Positions Commissioned Officer Positions Civil Service Positions National Health Service Corps Other Options Independent Contractor Employee of Dental Staffing Agency Student Opportunities COSTEP Strategies for Creating Dental Hygiene Positions In Dental Public Health Settings Populations Homebound Institutionalized Populations with Disabilities Rural Area Residents Population with Dental Phobias Populations faced with Language or Cultural Barriers Patients without Financing Proposed Plan for Action Dental Hygiene Program Planning Paradigm Assessment Dental Hygiene Diagnosis Planning Implementation Evaluation Practice Management Issues Patient tracking Appointment scheduling Practice promotion Collection of fees Proposal Development and Presentation Introduction Significance of Position Blueprint of the Operational Program Conclusion Contracts Teaching Strategies Dental Public Health Review Community Health/Research Principles Promoting health and preventing disease within groups Participating in community programs Analyzing scientific information, utilizing statistical concepts, and applying research results Dental Public Health: Contemporary Practice for the Dental Hygienist: The Dental Hygienist is the Premier Dental Public Health Provider.

References

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Breaking: NHS IT chaos as systems are infected by malware

Malware called Wanna Decryptor is being blamed by NHS Digital. At this stage we do not have any evidence that patient data has been accessed, the organisation said in a statement. We will continue to work with affected organisations to confirm this.

NHS Digital is working closely with the National Cyber Security Centre, the Department of Health and NHS England to support affected organisations and to recommend appropriate mitigations. This attack was not specifically targeted at the NHS and is affecting organisations from across a range of sectors. The National Cyber Security Centre, which was only opened in February, is assisting NHS Digital. That East and North Hertfordshire has had to suspend all of their non-urgent activity and shut down A&E is a testament to how much they rely on their data to operate. Jason Allaway, VP UK and Ireland for RES Jason Allaway, VP UK and Ireland for RES, a specialist in digital workspace security, said: It s becoming more common an occurrence to see ransomware attacks against healthcare organisations; after all, they are a prime target for attackers due to the nature of the data they hold. It s not just a monetary loss when it comes to medical facilities: it s far more important. The fact that East and North Hertfordshire has had to suspend all of their non-urgent activity and shut down A&E is a testament to how much they rely on their data to operate. Education, vigilance and proven technology such as context-aware access controls, comprehensive blacklisting and whitelisting, read-only access, automated deprovisioning and adequate back-up need to be put in place by healthcare organisations to both prevent and combat this problem as efficiently as possible. Today s events are clear evidence that many healthcare organisations still need to invest in this integrated approach to security.

Wake-up call Dr Jamie Graves, CEO of ZoneFox, which specialises in combating insider threats, said: The large-scale cyber-attack on our NHS today is a huge wake-up call. The effects of this data breach include hospitals having to divert emergency patients, with doctors reporting messages from hackers demanding money, a clear signal of ransomware activity. It also highlights the ever-increasing importance of having a 360-degree visibility of activities and behaviour around business-critical data particularly for large organisations like hospitals. Because the NHS holds some of the most sensitive data of all individuals health records it s a goldmine for criminals. While we are still waiting to find out the scale of this attack, it could possibly have severe impacts on critical medical procedures not just a case of reputational damage and financial loss.

Fundamentally, the government needs to pool cyber security specialists together to tackle this growing threat to ensure this does not happen again.