legal

10 Years after Penhallow: Have we learned anything?

It is now 10 years after Penhallow, which has been described as the worst British hotel fire for 50 years and I think that it is important to look back at what we have learnt from this tragic failure of our fire safety laws. To add to this we now have the Grenfell Tower Fire that will surely be the worst fire that the UK has seen in living memory. I am also including some of the fire safety failures that I found during my recent undercover inspection of hotels in the South West for the BBC to illustrate the problem.

The Penhallow Hotel Fire 2007 For those who may have forgotten what happened this was an article that I wrote following the fire The Penhallow fire: accident, arson or imcompetence? The one part of this tragic incident that has remained with me over this period is this statement given by one of the witnesses at the inquest. She told the inquest how she saw one of the victims, 80-year old Joan Harper, trapped in her blazing room. She said that firefighters with just one engine and no firefighting ladder were to ill-equipped to come to the rescue. Describing the moment firemen did arrive at the scene, she is quoted as saying: Everybody was shouting at the fire brigade to save the lady, but they did not take any actions to save her When I saw their single fire engine with one hosepipe, this just reinforced my despair. They did not have the capability to deal with the fire. Tragically, this was not the only fatality as Peter Hughes jumped from a third story window and his 86 year old mother Monica Hughes also perished. At the inquest there were also many other factors that came to light including a poor fire risk assessment, poor access, lack of water, lack of equipment (high rise ladder) and the FRS (Fire and Rescue Service) being sent to the wrong address. Following this incident the FRS went around the country informing interested parties about this fire and when I asked them about aspects such as being sent to the wrong address they replied that they had no knowledge of this but these items are clearly in the inquest records both written and recorded.

The Grenfell Tower Fire 2017 Whilst obviously I cannot say a lot about this fire I think it is important to say that, if what has been reported in the media is true, then there are a number of similarities to the Penhallow Hotel Fire particularly in respect of people being trapped in the building and late arrival of a high rise ladder.

10 Years of Fires So what have we learnt in the last 10 years as we are always informed following these tragic incidents that we must learn from these tragic fires so they never happen again . Clearly when we find out what happened in the Grenfell Tower Fire there does need to be some major changes and Brexit should give us the opportunity to make these changes but I wonder if the will and impetus is there to make the radical changes that in my opinion are needed. Another important aspect that has come to light since the Grenfell Tower Fire is the subject of how we investigate serious fires and it is my view that I have stated many times that we need to establish a more robust, independent and open system that people can trust and respect. The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 Whilst Fire Certificates issued under the Fire precautions Act had their drawbacks I think that on balance it was a far better system than Fire Risk Assessments that in my opinion don t really work. There are many reasons for this and one of them is how the legislation is enforced. Figures released to the Guardian under the Freedom of Information Act showed the number of specialist staff in 26 fire services had fallen from 924 to 680, a loss of 244 officers between 2011 and 2017. Between 2011 and 2016, the government reduced its funding for fire services by between 26% and 39%, according to the National Audit Office, which in turn resulted in a 17% average real-terms reduction in spending power. Together with cuts to the FRS we have to look at how FRA are carried out and with no real standard assessment in place and poorly defined competency levels this was a recipe for failure. I found these words from a very well respected hotelier during the BBC investigation very interesting: I wish that the old system of fire certification with annual inspection was still in place.

The interesting thing here is that back in the 70 s/ 80 s each Fire Brigade interpreted legislation differently from area to area. The problem now is that consultants and operators interpret differently which of course in turn leads to a plethora of interpretations. In addition it is hard enough being a good hotelier let alone an expert in Health and safety/fire/food safety etc etc as well, however we do try to comply coupled with contracted professional guidance. Whilst the RRO appears on the surface to offer a better solution to our fire safety needs by placing the onus on the responsible person in practice I don t think that it works for the following reasons: Poorly defined standards. Poorly defined competency levels Poor enforcement and training/experience. Lack of clarity and transparency by enforcing authorities. Fire Deaths The latest figures from the Department for Communities and Local Government show that 294 people died in fires in England during 2015, an increase of 21% compared with the 242 deaths recorded in 2014 and the largest increase since figures were published in 2001-02. The rise comes after a decade in which the long-term trend in the death toll from fires fell, from a peak of 469 in 2003 and obviously don t take into account the Grenfell Tower Fire. Significant Fires There are a number of significant fires that I think highlight why the system doesn t work and these are just four that highlight the tragic loss of life, our heritage and to fire service personnel.

The Clandon Park Fire 2015 I looked at this investigation https://www.ifsecglobal.com/clandon-park-fire-questions-from-national-trust-member/ because I was a National Trust Member and would like to have seen what the NT investigation had to say and because I had some concerns about the FRS Report but even though I registered an official request and complaint the NT has never made this information available about what steps they took to protect our heritage neither did they address my complaint. Whilst there was no life loss in this fire it shows how difficult it is to get answers to questions raised by the media and public. The Cathedral Green Fire (Royal Clarence Hotel) 2016 This hotel was destroyed by a fire that started in Cathedral Green in Exeter and again it raised questions from the media and public that would not be answered. This was the article that I wrote https://www.ifsecglobal.com/royal-clarence-hotel-fire-destruction-uks-oldest-hotel/ unfortunately, we still don t have answers to these important questions. Lakanal House Fire 2009 Tragically, six people, including three children, died on the 10th and 11th floors. It is reported that those who died had been told to stay in their homes by 999 operators, who believed fire safety measures would be sufficient to prevent flames and smoke from reaching them . Southwark council admitted it failed to address fire risks at Lakanal House in Camberwell, south-east London, in the years leading up to the UK s worst ever tower block fire up to the 3 July 2009. Atherstone on Stour Warehouse Fire 2007 On 2 November 2007 a major fire occurred at a warehouse near the village of Atherstone on Stour in Warwickshire. Four firefighters from the Warwickshire Fire and Rescue Service were killed whilst tackling the blaze.

This was the largest loss of life for a fire brigade in the United Kingdom for 35 years. BBC Inside Out South West Investigation This is the third investigation that I have carried out for the BBC and this does not convince me that the level of fire safety is improving in fact quite the opposite. The BBC asked me to look at two hotels that had recently appeared on the Enforcement Register and the first one was so bad that I notified the FRS of my concerns because of a missing fire door at the head of the stairs and a fire exit that would not open. The second one had done some fire safety improvement work but still had many problems including combustible rubbish and compressed gas cylinders stored under an external fire escape, poor fire compartmentation and poorly fitting fire doors. The third hotel was one that I could see had carried out a lot of fire safety work but needed improvement because of poor housekeeping, unprotected escape routes, fire doors wedged open and poor electrical installation. It was also good that the hotel owner was very cooperative and agreed to action the items that I had raised. The fourth hotel was one that had not been covered in the TV programme but one that I had stayed in and this was a hotel that had a great 150 year history together with many fire safety problems these were just a few: Hotel bedroom fire door with lock removed Corridor fire door poorly fitting at head Poorly fitting fire door in corridor Unprotected window adjacent to external fire escape This is where both fire escapes meet note the portable building and ventilation plant under the common bridge and staircase. There were a lot more problems that I noted but I think that you can understand my concerns I did write to the hotel and the FRS and the hotel responded indicating that they wanted to resolve the problems. Clearly, this hotel would have had a Fire Certificate under the FP Act together with a number of Fire Risk Assessments under the RRO so how did we get to this position?

1. Looking at the hotel and the standard of fire safety I can clearly see what was done under the FP Act to gain a Fire Certificate and this would probably have included bedrooms fire doors and separation of the main stair case to allow people to by pass it.

2. It is rather more difficult to establish what has been done under the RRO as the standard does not appear to have changed a great deal but there may have been some upgrading of the fire alarm and automatic fire detection but this is just a guess.

3. Clearly, the biggest problem here is where to two fire escapes converge above the portable building and the associated ventilation plant below the one stair case as any fire here may render both escape routes useless. Unfortunately, in my travels I find many hotels with similar problems and this is why I feel that the RRO is not working.

During the course of the BBC investigation I stayed in 2 hotels and visited two more and all four had problems of varying concern including one where the FRS took 7 bedrooms out of use following my report because a fire door had been removed at the head of a stair case and a fire exit would not open. I was interesting to note that this hotel had recently been the subject of enforcement action. Where to now for fire safety? The last 10 years have seen some significant failures of our fire safety standards that have clearly not given us the level of fire safety that I feel are required in this day and age.We have seen significant failures in both life and property safety in the UK and whilst it is hoped that the outcome from the Grenfell Tower tragedy will provide an answer I think that with Brexit on the horizon we need to think about how we can overcome these problems with a more open and transparent fire safety regime that people can have confidence in. Having started my career in the age of fire certificates I am well aware of the advantages and disadvantages of this form of control and wonder if a combination of fire certificates and risk assessments may provide a better solution. This could take the form of a combined building control and fire certification authority that certified the building structure and approved the occupiers operational plan for its use. I does appear inconsistent in this day and age when we can go to a restaurant and find out its hygiene rating or buy a car and find out its crash rating but have no idea of the fire safety level of buildings that we stay/work in together with no way of establishing this. It would be nice to think that this information could be obtained by Freedom of Information (FOI) requests but the FRS are constrained by the Data Protection Act and are also using the response that they cannot provide this information because it may be used for acts of terrorism. I was recently trying to establish how many fire risk assessments that selected FRS had carried out in hotels and how many were found to be unsatisfactory and I was surprised at the variation in replies whilst a number gave me their figures, one indicated that they did not record this information and one required a payment of 450 for the information.

I would have personally thought that this was fairly basic information that should be easily available. I think that now is the time that the fire safety profession needs to get behind a scheme to improve fire safety to protect people and our heritage and not just to protect individual organisations or interests. Free Download: A Technical Guide to Fire Detection and Alarm Systems Fire legislation, which is written for the purpose of life safety, requires duty holders in non-domestic premises to assess fire risks and put in place arrangements for the prevention of fire and to protect people from fire when it occurs.

This guide provides an overview of the need to know information for fire detection and alarm systems and your legal requirements, key actions, key terms and more.

Click here to download now Related Topics

Registration for Engineers of Tomorrow 2018 security & fire apprentice competition now open

Adding a fire installation challenge for the 20th anniversary year Registration for Engineers of Tomorrow 2018 has now opened, as the competition returns to IFSEC International for it s 20th anniversary year, 19-21 June 2018. This year the competition is taking a further step towards tackling the the growing engineering skills gap by adding a live installation challenge for fire apprentices, as well as for those from the security sector, following a successful trial in 2017. This will mean that in 2018, more than 60 young apprentices will compete against each other in teams of 2, live on the IFSEC show floor.

The 3 heat winning teams of security apprentices from this summer s Engineers of Tomorrow competition will be joining their industry next month at the Security Excellence Awards, where the overall winners will be awarded the 1000 prize. Next year the heat winners from both the security and fire challenges will receive their invitation to the awards, in addition to earning credits towards NVQ qualifications and fantastic industry recognition. Whether you re a security or fire apprentice, or the employer or college lecturer of apprentices, you can now register yourself or nominate a colleague for Engineers of Tomorrow 2018 here. embedded content Free Download: A Technical Guide to Fire Detection and Alarm Systems Fire legislation, which is written for the purpose of life safety, requires duty holders in non-domestic premises to assess fire risks and put in place arrangements for the prevention of fire and to protect people from fire when it occurs. This guide provides an overview of the need to know information for fire detection and alarm systems and your legal requirements, key actions, key terms and more.

Click here to download now Related Topics

Shocking levels of neglect and complacency among responsible persons reported by fire installers

More than a third of installers report that up to 80% of sites they visit don t comply with fire safety regulations, research from Hochiki Europe has revealed. Based on feedback from installers across Europe, the survey also found that more than 60% of respondents attended sites at least once a month where the responsible person for fire safety was unknown. Almost a third (32%) regularly encountered buildings with poorly positioned or outdated life safety equipment.

Asked about systems maintenance, 70% of installers got the impression their customers generally saw the upkeep of life safety systems as merely a tick-box exercise , with just 11% believing they recognised it as a potentially property- and life-saving process. Two in five (40%) installers say their customers are not even aware of their legal obligations regarding system maintenance. On average, 55% of fire detection logbooks and 64% of emergency lighting logbooks were not up to date, despite these being legal requirements. Top 5 maintenance and emergency lighting issues Asked what the most commonly encountered fire safety maintenance issues were, installers most frequently cited the following: Change of building/room use without correctly altering the fire system (50%) Inadequate logbook records (43%) Original installer didn t install the best system for the environment (40%) Detectors need cleaning (32%) Detectors need replacing (26%) The top five emergency lighting maintenance issues, meanwhile, were: Broken/faulty lamps (44%) Inadequate logbook records (42%) Inadequate emergency lighting signage (39%) Batteries not charged in emergency lighting units (35%) Inadequate lux levels (25%) Having a correctly designed safety system installed by a qualified engineer in a building is vital when it comes to protecting lives, said Tracy Kirk, general manager of sales and marketing for Hochiki Europe. This being said, a fire detection device or emergency lighting unit can only safeguard occupant safety if it is in working order. This year s installer study has resulted in some stark findings for the industry and sheds light on serious gaps in terms of our customers attitudes towards life safety in Europe. It s clear that there needs to be an increased focus on educating duty holders throughout our built environment on how important it is to look after life safety systems. Those with the responsibility of system upkeep should also ensure they are up to speed with the latest legislation and regulations to keep building occupants safe. Hochiki Europe offers training courses and technical information to support building owners and facilities managers in understanding their legal obligations and how to protect assets and building occupants.

Related Topics How to choose the right life safety system: Hochiki Europe reveals FIREX 2017 plans 95% of life safety installers say fire industry is falling short over training provision Hochiki Europe launches FIREscape lite mains-powered emergency lighting system with back-up power

Download: A Technical Guide to Fire Detection and Alarm Systems

Fire detection & Fire Alarms Fire legislation, which is written for the purpose of life safety, requires duty holders in non-domestic premises to assess fire risks and put in place arrangements for a) the prevention of fire and b) to protect people from fire when it occurs.

This guide provides an overview of the need to know information for fire detection and alarm systems and your the legal requirements, key actions, key terms and more.

Fill out the form to download Barbour s free report and find out more.

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Reform Surveillance – Official Site

Reform Government Surveillance

Global Government Surveillance Reform

The undersigned companies believe that it is time for the world s governments to address the practices and laws regulating government surveillance of individuals and access to their information. While the undersigned companies understand that governments need to take action to protect their citizens safety and security, we strongly believe that current laws and practices need to be reformed. Consistent with established global norms of free expression and privacy and with the goals of ensuring that government law enforcement and intelligence efforts are rule-bound, narrowly tailored, transparent, and subject to oversight, we hereby call on governments to endorse the following principles and enact reforms that would put these principles into action.

The Principles

  1. 1

    Limiting Governments Authority to Collect Users Information

    Governments should codify sensible limitations on their ability to compel service providers to disclose user data that balance their need for the data in limited circumstances, users reasonable privacy interests, and the impact on trust in the Internet. In addition, governments should limit surveillance to specific, known users for lawful purposes, and should not undertake bulk data collection of Internet communications.

  2. 2

    Oversight
    and Accountability

    Intelligence agencies seeking to collect or compel the production of information should do so under a clear legal framework in which executive powers are subject to strong checks and balances. Reviewing courts should be independent and include an adversarial process, and governments should allow important rulings of law to be made public in a timely manner so that the courts are accountable to an informed citizenry.

  3. 3

    Transparency About Government Demands

    Transparency is essential to a debate over governments surveillance powers and the scope of programs that are administered under those powers. Governments should allow companies to publish the number and nature of government demands for user information. In addition, governments should also promptly disclose this data publicly.

  4. 4

    Respecting the Free Flow of Information

    The ability of data to flow or be accessed across borders is essential to a robust 21st century global economy. Governments should permit the transfer of data and should not inhibit access by companies or individuals to lawfully available information that is stored outside of the country. Governments should not require service providers to locate infrastructure within a country s borders or operate locally.

  5. 5

    Avoiding Conflicts Among Governments

    In order to avoid conflicting laws, there should be a robust, principled, and transparent framework to govern lawful requests for data across jurisdictions, such as improved mutual legal assistance treaty or MLAT processes. Where the laws of one jurisdiction conflict with the laws of another, it is incumbent upon governments to work together to resolve the conflict.

Voices For Reform

AOL is committed to preserving the privacy of our customers information, while respecting the right of governments to request information on specific users for lawful purposes. AOL is proud to unite with other leading Internet companies to advocate on behalf of our consumers. Tim Armstrong, Chairman and CEO, AOL Reports about government surveillance have shown there is a real need for greater disclosure and new limits on how governments collect information. The US government should take this opportunity to lead this reform effort and make things right. Mark Zuckerberg, CEO, Facebook The security of users data is critical, which is why we ve invested so much in encryption and fight for transparency around government requests for information. This is undermined by the apparent wholesale collection of data, in secret and without independent oversight, by many governments around the world. It s time for reform and we urge the US government to lead the way. Larry Page, CEO, Google These principles embody LinkedIn s fundamental commitment to transparency and ensuring appropriate government practices that are respectful of our members expectations. Erika Rottenberg, General Counsel, LinkedIn People won t use technology they don t trust. Governments have put this trust at risk, and governments need to help restore it. Brad Smith, General Counsel and Executive Vice President, Legal and Corporate Affairs, Microsoft Twitter is committed to defending and protecting the voice of our users. Unchecked, undisclosed government surveillance inhibits the free flow of information and restricts their voice. The principles we advance today would reform the current system to appropriately balance the needs of security and privacy while safeguarding the essential human right of free expression. Dick Costolo, CEO, Twitter Protecting the privacy of our users is incredibly important to Yahoo.

Recent revelations about government surveillance activities have shaken the trust of our users, and it is time for the United States government to act to restore the confidence of citizens around the world. Today we join our colleagues in the tech industry calling on the United States Congress to change surveillance laws in order to ensure transparency and accountability for government actions. Marissa Mayer, CEO, Yahoo

May 19, 2015

Dear Members of the Senate,

Later this week the Senate has an opportunity to pass meaningful and balanced surveillance reform by considering the bipartisan USA Freedom Act. The bill overwhelmingly passed the House with 338 votes. Members from across the political spectrum supported it. Delaying action on reform by extending expiring authorities for two months or any extended period of time would be a missed opportunity. The USA Freedom Act prevents the bulk collection of Internet metadata under various authorities. The bill allows for transparency about government demands for user information from technology companies and assures that the appropriate oversight and accountability mechanisms are in place.

Our companies came together two years ago to push for essential reforms that are necessary to protect national security, strengthen civil liberties, reaffirm user trust in the Internet, and promote innovation. The Senate can begin delivering on those reforms by passing the USA Freedom Act. Sincerely,

Reform Government Surveillance

RGS Statement In Support of Bipartisan, Bicameral FISA Reform Legislation

Statement of Reform Government Surveillance:

Reform Government Surveillance commends the introduction of surveillance reform legislation today in the House and the Senate. We support the bicameral, bipartisan legislation, which ends existing bulk collection practices under the USA Patriot Act and increases transparency and accountability while also protecting U.S. national security.

We thank Representatives Goodlatte, Sensenbrenner, Conyers and Nadler and Senators Lee, Leahy, Heller, and Franken, as well as other Members, who have worked hard over the past several months to draft a common sense bill that addresses the concerns of industry, the Intelligence Community, and civil society in a constructive and balanced manner. We look forward to working with Congress to pass this legislation by June 1st.

An open letter to Washington

December 2013

Dear Mr. President and Members of Congress,

We understand that governments have a duty to protect their citizens. But this summer s revelations highlighted the urgent need to reform government surveillance practices worldwide. The balance in many countries has tipped too far in favor of the state and away from the rights of the individual rights that are enshrined in our Constitution. This undermines the freedoms we all cherish. It s time for a change.

For our part, we are focused on keeping users data secure deploying the latest encryption technology to prevent unauthorized surveillance on our networks and by pushing back on government requests to ensure that they are legal and reasonable in scope. We urge the US to take the lead and make reforms that ensure that government surveillance efforts are clearly restricted by law, proportionate to the risks, transparent and subject to independent oversight. To see the full set of principles we support, visit ReformGovernmentSurveillance.com1

Sincerely,

AOL, Apple, Facebook, Google, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Twitter, Yahoo

2014 – 2015.

All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

References

  1. ^ ReformGovernmentSurveillance.com (www.reformgovernmentsurveillance.com)

Close protection courses in Attleborough, Norfolk

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Surveillance

The key to any private Investigation is surveillance. At UK Private Investigation our operatives are all trained to the highest standard. Years of experience and on-going support means we deliver results. Clean, fast and on budget.

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Tracing

Try your own trace on the Help At Hand page. Simple? Not by any means. We use several paid and unpaid sites to get a result. Our Operatives have the IT skills and knowledge to do a deep search.

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Neighbourhood Check

The flagship of UK private Investigation is neighbourhood check. We are proud to offer, for the first time, a helping hand to all that are looking to move home. Go to our sister site to learn more. It is in your best interests.

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Teen Concern

Our Sons and Daughters are so precious to us and when they are in their teen years, they are vulnerable to many outside influences. Let us help you with peace of mind and give you the evidence required to protect them.

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Criminal Investigation

Due to Police cuts, they just don t have the resources to investigate minor crimes. If you have had a criminal act against you, you deserve justice. We will investigate and collate any evidence, hand it over to the police so they can prosecute.

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Legal

UK Private Investigation not only do private investigations. We are trained in Process Serving, Road Traffic Collisions and Personal Injury amongst many other Legal Investigations.

At UK Private Investigation, we offer a service that is affordable, meeting all budgets and individual requirements and no additional services will ever be performed without your prior approval or request. Our investigators operate 24/7 and can be available to discuss your requirements at any time that suits you. Our investigators will take you through the entire step by step investigative process and analysis and endeavour to ensure you feel at ease and confident throughout. We will work with you to obtain all the fine detail in order to build a credible subject profile on the individual concerned. Furthermore, we will advise you on an informed course of action to suit your personnel situation and needs. Home - UK Private Investigation Ltd.

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Invasion of privacy or crime-fighting boost: Should the public police have greater access to security systems operated by private police?

Invasion Of Privacy Or Crime-fighting Boost: Should The Public Police Have Greater Access To Security Systems Operated By Private Police?

Police forces and a complex CCTV network work in conjunction to keep people and property safe. However, what happens when a CCTV system functions inside a privately-owned building that is leased by a business? Security personnel who man the building have to communicate with the police to catch intruders.

However, police don t have access to these privately owned networks, which is where the confusion begins. What if there were a change in legislation that permitted police and other law enforcement agencies to access cameras from a central control point? If the police do not have access to these private buildings and systems, how are they to know what happens behind these closed doors? What if security personnel break laws by removing intruders by force? Surely the intruders are breaking the law in the first place and need to be reprimanded, with or without police consent, seeing as security guards are being paid to guard grounds? There is a lot of back and forth here with what s right and wrong and what s legal and illegal. This is where having one voice could solve all arguments, but as long as there is private CCTV I don t think one voice can solve it all. Lack arrest powers Private police are employed by non-government operations and can be security guards, patrol persons, detectives, ex-police, and sometimes off-duty police officers. Private police focus more on preventive methods and deterring crime rather than catching and punishing criminals.

This is because they lack arrest powers, although they have the right to make a citizen s arrest. In the US there is even evidence that suggests private police can provide security services more cost effectively than the public police force Private policing around the world is growing because the crime threat evolves over time with technology and some people like to have personal say and control other their own establishments, with a 24/7 operation to give them assurance that may otherwise not be possible. In the US there is even evidence that suggests private police can provide security services more cost effectively than the public police force. Tight budgets within public policing mean the public police may take longer to access the newest security technologies. Public police agencies are sometimes bound by laws that don t apply to private police. This has its pros and cons. Although private police may be able to, for instance, carry a gun, the public police, though hindered by additional constraints, are given a very clear idea of the boundaries of what they are permitted and not permitted to do. Some people, on the other hand, see private policing as a wealthy person s protection and feel there is one rule for the rich and one rule for the poor. But even if this is true, if you choose to spend your money on these services then who should tell you it s wrong?

Used in the legal or correct manner then all should be well. Having said that, if you are spending your own money on these services, surely you would want grey areas resolved in legal documents because you never know what could really happen. If acts of crime take place you need to have it dealt with in the right way. Grey area If private police their boundaries then there is a chance that no one will ever know as, after all, the public police don t have access to private systems. This can cause yet greater problems within the grey area. If public police see private police blatantly acting above their power, even though they are manning private property, they obviously cannot permit laws to be broken. I assume that this only makes matters more confusing and builds up hostility between public and private police forces. If legislation ever changes to grant public police forces access to private police force work, there will always be a need for flexibility Clear guidelines on the scope and boundaries of the role of private police need to be set out and followed to create a productive partnership and prevent hostility. For this to happen there needs to be a singular, unbiased voice of reason that takes into accounts all possibilities and all sides of the story/law.

Certain requirements must be met for someone to be employed as a private police member. If there is to be some degree of overlap and collaboration between the two spheres then it s only right that both sides should be qualified and professional. If legislation ever changes to grant public police forces access to private police force work, there will always be a need for flexibility. This is because someone who employs a private police force won t want the public force to have access. However, most of the general public would probably think that the public force has the right to access private force work. If legislation changes, is this an invasion of privacy or a major boost to the fight against crime? Employers of private police team will naturally see it as an invasion of privacy. This is not to say that private teams are routinely covering up criminal activity or that they are overstepping their legal boundaries. But such measures could be seen as a boost to tackling crime because public police have more powers of arrest, so can do more with the information they access.

Heads of public police forces would need to come together to pitch in their own thoughts and opinions. On top of this, contact would need to be made with private police teams to reach a compromise that all parties are happy with that would see a trial run in which public police could access private systems. If everyone was happy with the outcome, the arrangement could become more permanent. The author, Simon Parker, is a director of Minerva. Founded in 2005, Minerva is an integrated fire & security service provider with a clear vision to create smarter working environments and help our clients reduce their fire & security operating costs, throughout London and the southeast.

Download: The Video Surveillance Report 2016 This exclusive report covers the security needs of surveillance systems as shaped by the physical environment including: What do security professionals think about plug-and-play systems Challenges like low-light conditions or large spaces and the threats posed in various sectors Which cutting-edge features such as mobile access, PTZ smart controls or 4K resolution are most important to security professionals What are the most important factors driving upgrades and would end users consider an upgrade to HD analogue Download the full report here.

Private Investigator,Professional Private Investigators, UK

We are the UK s leading provider of Private Investigator services.

To become a private investigator it is advantageous to have gained your experience either within the Police Service, Military or Security Services, although not always a necessity. Above and beyond this, each one of our highly trained private investigators, are also fully qualified and ready for the licensing of Private Investigators1 when this comes into force. When you hire a Private Investigator UK at Alpha 1 Legal Services, you can be sure you are hiring the best.

Alpha 1 Legal Services have been providing comprehensive Private Investigator support services for many years.

We have been a leading provider of Private Investigator services, not only in the UK but also Internationally. We provide our clients with a range of highly professional, discreet and affordable solutions to their requirements.

Can I hire a female investigator?

We offer both male and female private investigators, as well as private investigators from different ethnic backgrounds for sensitive assignments.

What services can a private investigator provide?

Our Private Investigation services, in the UK and overseas, include, but are in no way limited to the following: In some instances, we may also be able to assist with Child Abduction2 cases too. If any of our services are of interest to you, then please contact us now via email, the contact form below or alternately on the above/below number. We offer a FREE, no obligation chat about our services both in the UK and overseas.

If you are looking for a Private Investigator who gets the job done, then look no further!

Which sectors does a private investigator cover?

Alpha1 Legal Services provide investigation services to the Legal Profession, Corporate, Private and Public sectors, both Nationally and Internationally.

Which areas of the UK are covered by our private investigator team?

We cover all of these areas with our private investigators Avon3, Berkshire4, Bedford5, Birmingham6, Buckinghamshire7, Cambridgeshire8, Carlisle9, Derby10, Durham11, Edinburgh12, Essex13, Glasgow14, Leeds15, London16, Manchester17, Middlesbrough18, Newcastle19, Norfolk20, Oxfordshire21, Southampton22, Sunderland23.

Private Investigator,Professional Private Investigators, UK

References

  1. ^ licensing of Private Investigators (www.sia.homeoffice.gov.uk)
  2. ^ Child Abduction (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  3. ^ Avon (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  4. ^ Berkshire (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  5. ^ Bedford (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  6. ^ Birmingham (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  7. ^ Buckinghamshire (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  8. ^ Cambridgeshire (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  9. ^ Carlisle (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  10. ^ Derby (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  11. ^ Durham (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  12. ^ Edinburgh (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  13. ^ Essex (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  14. ^ Glasgow (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  15. ^ Leeds (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  16. ^ London (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  17. ^ Manchester (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  18. ^ Middlesbrough (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  19. ^ Newcastle (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  20. ^ Norfolk (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  21. ^ Oxfordshire (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  22. ^ Southampton (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)
  23. ^ Sunderland (www.alpha1legal.co.uk)