artificial intelligence

A window to more than the soul?

AI research raises troubling questions about privacy, profiling and wrongful arrest

When Apple introduced TouchID fingerprint readers to the iPhone in 2013 it seemed to suggest the end was nigh for password authentication. Now the latest incarnation of Apple s flagship product the iPhone X will liberate users even from the need to press a button, by automatically verifying their identity using infrared and 3D sensors within the phone s front-facing camera. However, the growing sophistication of facial recognition has generated considerable alarm in the media this week, even if it promises to eventually free us from the tyranny of myriad passwords and the forgotten password process.

A lawyer writing in the Guardian who admits she will still buy an iPhone X says we cannot become complacent to the serious privacy risks it often poses or think that all its applications are alike. AI gaydar A Stanford University professor has been criticized by privacy campaigners and the LGBT community after developing AI can accurately predict people s IQ, political leanings and whether they are gay or straight. The face is an observable proxy for a wide range of factors, like your life history, your development factors, whether you re healthy, said Michal Kosinski, who says his research will stimulate much-needed debate about creating regulatory safeguards to protect citizens privacy. AI could identify people with psychopathic traits a troubling prospect given that most psychopaths do not commit serious crimes and many murderers aren t believed to be psychopaths Inevitably dubbed AI gaydar , the AI correctly identified sexual orientation 91% of the time with men and 83% with women based on a few photos of each face. That his research also suggests a link between facial features and political beliefs lends credence to the theory that ideological outlook is to some extent heritable. Kosinski, an assistant professor of organisational behaviour, said other studies found that conservative politicians tend to be more physically attractive than liberals, because the right-wing world view tends to be against income redistribution and good-looking people are on average more successful in life. Kosinksi s findings also raise the spectre of schools screening prospective students using facial recognition AI. We should be thinking about what to do to make sure we don t end up in a world where better genes means a better life, he said. Psychopathic traits Kosinski also says AI could conceivably identify people with psychopathic traits a troubling prospect given that most psychopaths do not commit serious crimes and many murderers are not believed to be psychopaths.

Even people highly disposed to committing a crime are very unlikely to commit a crime, he said. He also says that AI could weed out potential troublemakers upon entry to concerts and nightclubs in the way that bouncers or security guards make similar subjective judgements based on body language, clothing and signs of drunkenness. Facial recognition is being rolled out across Australian airports next year in a move that could shorten queues and prevent people travelling on fake passports. However, like many technologies, it will be enormously useful to authoritarian governments. A face recognition system deployed by the Met Police at Notting Hill Carnival reportedly had a success rate of 2.86 or more similar to the wanted suspect were flagged as a possible match. This means that a vast number of possible matches will be completely innocent people. These are the face recognition systems where a mistake could mean you are investigated, if not arrested and charged, for a crime you didn t commit.

A face recognition system deployed by the Met Police at Notting Hill Carnival reportedly had a success rate of 2.86 of surveillance footage in five years time : Milestone CTO on gigantic data and neural networks Deep-learning algorithms, biometric passports and anti-drone technology helping to drive airport revolution

The panomorph lens will imitate human eyesight and empower AI

ImmerVision is a one-of-a-kind company intent on persuading the security industry that its patented panomorph lens is far superior to the widely used fisheye lens. Founded in France in 2000, the company has a large and expanding ecosystem of tech partners, with many surveillance camera developers using its 360-degree panomorph technology. Louis Brun, director of marketing and communications at ImmerVision at the time of the interview (he has since moved on from the company), spoke to IFSEC Global about the applications of 360-degree panomorph lenses including for drones, body-worn video and artificial intelligence and ImmerVision s mission to expound its benefits in the security market and beyond.

IFSEC Global: How did IFSEC 2017 go for ImmerVision? Louis Brun: This year at the show we focused on the latest commercially available 4K panomorph lenses and the launch of new 4K panomorph cameras. The 4K lenses are from Evitar and CBC Computar which are supplying to several camera manufacturers. Because of the availability of these high definition 4k lenses, several manufacturers decided to come out with new products during the show. For example, VIVOTEK came out with a new 4K panomorph camera. If you don t have electroninc image stabilisation, what s the point of a body-worn camera? Are you going to put that on an officer and ask them not to move? We also showed Dahua with their latest 4k panomorph camera, also Hanwha, FLIR, Sony, Brickcom, Vista and many others. The image quality from all of these cameras offers edge-to-edge clarity, consistency and no drop in resolution.

All panomorph cameras are instantly compatible with over 50 VMS software partners. In our demos, we showed live video from the 4K cameras and everyone who saw it was really impressed. The cool thing is that you can see people even their faces as they move around the floor at IFSEC. IG: So IFSEC seems like a great place meet everyone all at once? LB: Absolutely. IFSEC is a key venue for us to meet all our partners and new partners. It is a great place to promote our partners and the fact there s a better alternative to fisheye lenses. I m not putting down anyone who has the fisheye solution; it might work for them. But a lot of people are not satisfied with fisheye.

Every day we have a lot of visitors who are wondering how they can integrate 360. When we show integrators and distributors that there s another option to fisheye, they say: Oh my God, we can get this quality ? IFSEC is the perfect opportunity to educate people and talk about how this technology can help them. IG: Are any other companies doing what ImmerVision does? LB: There are no other technology companies focused on 360 like us. Our technology is being leveraged by several companies in other industries for example ACER with their launch of the Holo360 camera or Motorola and their Mod 360 camera. There are also 6K panomorph broadcast cameras which filmed the Superbowl. I can say that we are world s specialist in 360-degree technology. IG: What about the body-worn video market?

LB: There were quite a few at IFSEC. I have noticed two things about the solutions on the market. Most of them weren t using a quality super wide angle lens. They have some quality on there, but they were lacking one thing which in my humble opinion is important: electronic image stabilisation. Given the variety of off-the-shelf panomorph lenses, you re giving a lot of flexibility to manufacturers to find the combination of cost and resolution they want. If you don t have that, what s the point of a body-worn camera? Are you going to put that on an officer and ask them not to move? They re not the Queen s Guards! Electronic image stabilisation is part of our image processing algorithm.

We showcased how that and our latest panomorph lens are implemented in a body-worn camera solution. The lens used in the body-worn reference design can give you up to 21MP in resolution. It s the size of a one pence coin. That 21MP lens is designed to work with several types of sensors from OmniVision, Sony and Samsung. This gives great flexibility and potential to manufacturers. IG: I m guessing the panomorph lens would be invaluable in the drone market? LB: The drone market is interesting and certain companies are now looking at panomorph lens technology, because again, the quality, the size, so many software solutions are compatible and our ecosystem has probably doubled in two years. This would include chip, sensor, module and product manufacturers. IG: If the panormorph lens is superior performance-wise to fisheye, is it not more expensive too?

LB: The technology has been designed to be competitive and to outperform fisheye. Given the variety of off-the-shelf panomorph lenses, you re giving a lot of flexibility to manufacturers to find the combination of cost and resolution they want. Moreover, those cameras are instantly compatible with any software system in the world. Overall, many of our partners are recognising the value that using our technology brings to them and to the market. We are bringing tools to enable manufacturers to create really cool products which are easily integrated across security, consumer, aerospace, AI, automotive, drones and more. IG: What are the possibilities of this technology in the near future and beyond? LB: There was a big announcement at IFA Berlin about a product using our technology solutions: the first 360 360 camera with LTE, the Holo360. This camera will capture full 360 images that can be shares live online. We re also being pulled into artificial intelligence, robots, drones The panomorph lens will imitate human eyesight and enable an evolution in AI.

ImmerVision is the 360 specialist and we are constantly moving forward. Free download: The video surveillance report 2017 Sponsored by IDIS The Video Surveillance Report 2017 covers all things video surveillance based on a poll of hundreds of security professionals. Specifically looking at topics such as open platforms, 4K, low-light cameras, video analytics, warranties and this year due to the growing threat posed, the cybersecurity landscape.

Click here to Download now Related Topics Fixed cameras will account for less than 50% of surveillance footage in five years time : Milestone CTO on gigantic data and neural networks Deep-learning algorithms, biometric passports and anti-drone technology helping to drive airport revolution TDSi Q&A: The security industry confuses customers with jargon and acronyms

AI in video surveillance to form focus of Hikvision stand at IFSEC 2017

IFSEC 2017 Video surveillance giant Hikvision will be exhibiting its latest technology at IFSEC International 2017. The theme of the company s stand (E800) will be on pioneering artificial intelligence technology for video surveillance. The stand will feature the new Turbo 4.0 series, H.265+ codec and thermal cameras, among other innovations.

Visitors will get to see new advances in surveillance technology, including a new product and set of technologies emerging from the deep learning trend within the wider IT industry. Hikvision is taking part in the IFSEC conference. Andy Coles, Hikvision s key account manager for the UK & Ireland, will join other industry figures on a panel discussion about the future of video surveillance, touching on artificial intelligence or deep learning and its use in vertical markets, and the importance of security ecosystems. Large events like IFSEC are important to us because they give us the chance to connect with our partners and customers. It s also great to see what the industry as a whole is doing and to be part of its development into the future, says Coles. A Hikvision installer recently won a major retail contract in East London. Gallions Reach Shopping Park in Newham needed an upgrade for its dated and unreliable CCTV system. Impressed by installers Pacific Security the shopping centre opted for Turbo analogue equipment from the world s largest surveillance brand by sales volume. We used a Hikvision DS-6900UDI decoder to provide HD 1080p images to two 42-inch and four 22-inch monitors, said William Mesher of Pacific Security.

The operators are equipped with DS-1600KI touchscreen network keyboards, which allow them to view and manipulate images easily and intuitively. We ve found that they are ideal for simplifying the operator s tasks, and are able to be connected wirelessly if required. Find out more about this case study. IFSEC International takes place between 20-22 June 2017 at London ExCeL. You can find Hikvision Europe on stand E800. Get your free badge now. Visit Europe s only large-scale security event in 2017 Taking place in London, 20 22 June 2017, IFSEC International gives you exclusive hands-on access to over 10,000 security solutions, live product demonstrations, and networking with over 27,000 security professionals.

Covering every aspect of security, from access control and video surveillance to smart buildings, cyber, border control and so much more.

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Hanwha Techwin targets AI innovation through global partnership with GPU pioneer NVIDIA

Security news The security business division of Hanwha Techwin has entered into a global partnership with Nvidia, an artificial intelligence (AI) developer, to commercialise intelligent video analysis products. US-based Nvidia develops and makes graphic processing units (GPUs), chips that are used in gaming and 3D applications due to their ability to manipulate and alter memory to create images rapidly. In 1999 the company marketed the GeForce 256 as the world s first GPU .

Applications Nvidia has developed its GPUs for include computers, healthcare technology, robots and self-driving cars. Through the global partnership, Hanwha Techwin and Nvidia will collaborate on an intelligent video analysis platform which the AI firm is developing. Nvidia s video analysis platform will be used with security devices, such as cameras and storage media. The technology enables fast and accurate video analysis data. Customers benefit from better quality information, with which to base insights and actions upon, than simple video data is able to provide. Hanwha Techwin will focus on developing AI cameras and storage devices that can autonomously detect abnormal movements and situations by using Nvidia s AI video analysis platform. The platform can also be applied to various security-based services from Hanwha Techwin, including city surveillance, retail security and traffic, potentially leading to the integration of AI-based solutions. Hanwha Techwin plans to evolve into a security specialist with hardware and software capabilities, alongside future-oriented technologies and competitive AI. Hanwha Techwin recently announced dates for its UK Wisenet roadshow.

Check out security solutions from Hanwha Techwin at IFSEC International, 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. You can find Hanwha Techwin on stand G800. Get your free badge now. Visit Europe s leading security event in June 2017 Be the first to see the very latest in security tech for 17/18 at IFSEC International, where around 600 manufacturers will be attending, including this year s new additions to the show; OSI Electronics, Redvision, L3, ABLOY, Cisco and Meraki to name just a few. Not only that, in a constant strive to offer our visitors the best ROI possible, IFSEC this year is launching a brand new discounts programme. We are able to offer discounts averaging 20% across a large range of products at the show. Click here to register your place now to join us at London Excel on 20 22 June 2017.