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Fire alarm and detection qualifications: FIA reveals more details on pioneering training

skills crisis The FIA, in conjunction with the new awarding organisation for the fire industry, the FIA AO, is going to be releasing not one, but four new formal qualifications in fire detection and alarm systems later this summer. The new qualifications in fire detection and alarm systems will be officially launched at FIREX this year (20-22 nd June, ExCel, London). There will be a range of seminars and workshops to help you understand more about what is actually involved, as well as a large FIA networking bar, where you will be able to meet with FIA staff and ask questions 1:1 (over a beverage, if you like).

But before we talk about the actual content of the qualifications themselves what actually is the FIA AO? The FIA AO (Fire Industry Association Awarding Organisation) is a nationally regulated organisation that is externally quality assured by OFQUAL, QIW and CCEA specifically for the purpose of setting qualifications. The same regulators are responsible for the standards adhered to by the awarding bodies of GCSE s, A Levels and vocational qualifications studied through schools and colleges nationwide. Therefore, learners and business owners looking to embark on the new qualification pathway can be assured of the quality mark of the new qualifications and that the qualifications on offer are validated and properly approved with the relevant government authorised qualification bodies. Ian Gurling, Manager to the new FIA AO, explained how the qualifications were initialised: To get the qualifications off the ground, we started off with gaining recognition for the FIA with the regulators to be an awarding body an awarding organisation as they call us to essentially set up a new company within the FIA. The regulators wanted us to set it up outside of the FIA with its own offices, but I managed to persuade them through proving our integrity, and our corporate governance, that we could do this within the organisation and still have a training arm as well. Ian Gurling of the FIA Composition of the courses As for the qualifications themselves, the FIA AO has developed four qualifications each for the job roles of installer, maintainer, designer, and commissioner of fire detection and alarm systems. Each qualification is made up of four units, all of which have to have a pass recorded against them in order to achieve the qualification. The first unit is a foundation unit, which is covers the common aspects of fire safety across all four roles including legislation and guidance, technology and how they relate to each other.

we ve also tailored them to account for regional variations so if you re in Ireland for example we include IS 3218, and so on and so forth for the various standards and requirements, explained Gurling. Once you ve completed the foundation you can complete the other units in any order you want. We have a Health & Safety unit, and an environmental unit so in that the environmental unit we re covering the environmental impact of a fire alarm system; for example, how to transport and handle ionisation detector heads how to handle gaseous systems if you re working on them in any way. We ve also got the role specific advanced unit for the design, install, maintain, and commission. Once you ve got all four units recorded as a pass, you ve got your qualification. So what level of detail do the qualifications go into and what sort of technical content can we expect? The qualifications call for an in-depth technical knowledge, so it s not just a simple matter of knowing BS5839 or IS 3128 or 7671 actually say (or any other number of standards on the syllabus for the qualifications) technicians will have to be able to apply that knowledge. So it s not just a matter of knowing them and being able to read them, it s understanding how to interpret them as well. The qualifications also explore many other areas such as legislation and the different technologies involved in a fire detection and alarm system.

How does a point detector work? How does a beam detector or an aspirating detector work? What are the effects of a sound alarm system? What about the difference between bells and sounders? Voice alarm how does that work? A lot of depth of knowledge is going to be involved in the qualifications, said Gurling. The implications of the system as it is attached to the fabric of a building how does it affect passive protection, fire stopping? How does it affect or is affected by evacuation strategies? All of that is brought out in the new qualifications.

embedded content Knowing why as well as what and how The difference here is that technicians will be able to develop professionally much further than before, because of the level of thinking required for the qualification. No longer will technicians simply be able to perform the various tasks that they need to carry out they will be able to use their knowledge of standards and legislation to know why certain things need to be done a certain way. No longer is it a case of knowing what to do it is 2017 and it is all about knowing why you re doing it. The important thing to note here is that the study required for the qualification is much wider and the examinations are set externally by the Awarding Organisation, so it will be impossible to teach to the test , meaning that candidates undertaking the exam must really have absorbed the knowledge and understanding in order to pass. Unlike during any other form of training, where assessments are just a test, the qualification examinations are a much more formal process. The benefit here is clear: a formal exam means that candidates must demonstrate not just that they can parrot out the information they have been given ad nauseum , but be able to analyse, apply, and answer the examination questions correctly. Hopefully, this will mean that technicians will be able to do the same once they are out working in the field, using their new knowledge and deeper understanding to analyse and solve problems. We ve developed a system now, where the formal examinations going to be conducted electronically, said Gurling. Learners are going to be provided with a tablet, and they re going to be asked to log-in to their own assessment paper online.

That assessment paper will then be conducted live and the learner will receive a pass/fail result at the end of it. That pass/fail result is provisional only on possible necessity that I need to investigate the conduct of the exam, in which case, learners will be notified. Otherwise, after 2 weeks, that result is confirmed. Other FIA training If you re wondering about other forms of training currently available from the FIA, and whether it is still relevant, be in no doubt that it absolutely still is as beneficial to technicians in the fire industry as it ever was. The existing FIA units are incredibly valuable, said Gurling. They serve the industry very very well and they remain just as relevant and current as they ever have done. Technicians undertaking current FIA training courses will still gain indispensable knowledge that will help them on the road to success, and whilst they might receive a certificate of completion, that unfortunately doesn t make them qualified technicians . This is a phrase that gets bandied around a lot within the fire industry, but as from the launch of the new qualifications, only those that have actually undertaken the qualifications and passed successfully will be able to use the above moniker as a badge of proficiency and professionalism. Current FIA training courses remain popular due to their high level of technical knowledge and recognition within the industry among employers and technicians across the board.

The standard is high and well respected but the qualifications go one step further, increasing the amount of content delivered, and the amount of time spent in the classroom developing that knowledge and understanding. From now on, a higher bar has been set for the industry to increase the level of professionalism throughout. However, if you re still wondering whether the new qualifications will be right for you, the FIA are exhibiting at FIREX International (20-22 nd ) June this year, with a full programme of seminars and workshops where you can listen to presentations about the new qualifications, pick up a brochure, or drop by the FIA s networking bar to ask FIA staff a few questions in an informal setting. For more information, go to the FIA website or find us on our brand-new Facebook page. Visit FIREX International for cutting-edge solutions, essential knowledge and the ability to grow your business by getting direct access to the whole fire safety industry. It is the perfect place to get your product in front of thousands of buyers, across a multitude of featured areas. From the brand new Drone Zone, the ARC Village, ASFP Passive Protection Zone, the Engineers of Tomorrow competition and more, it s all under one roof so you ll never miss a beat.

Click here to register your place now to join us at London Excel on 20 22 June

Vanderbilt creates partner programme for installers and distributors

Global security system Vanderbilt has created a partner programme to help installers and distributors in areas such as training and marketing. After a series of acquisitions, Vanderbilt says it is in a position to consolidate the business and has made the development of customer and partner support programmes a priority. The company has called its programme Aspire.

Aspire s key theme is about a strong and mutually rewarding partnership between Vanderbilt and its customers. The programme is open to installers and distributors that do business directly with Vanderbilt, or via a certified distributor and is a major effort by Vanderbilt to broaden its service base and create long-term, incremental value for its partners, says Kim Loy, director of marketing. The Aspire programme has three membership levels, which are Registered, Silver, and Gold, with each attaining more benefits. The programme is focused on Vanderbilt s expertise in the security industry but is tailor-made for customers, including installers and distributors. These companies can benefit from accessing training tools. Vanderbilt is also enhancing the quality and capabilities of its support to serve installers. On the distribution side, the programme will also see Vanderbilt providing marketing, event support, lead generation, and sales incentives to give its customers an edge on competition. Loy adds: One of the exclusive benefits available to the programme s Gold partners is pre-launch access to information related to new Vanderbilt products. We are one of the only players in the market that can offer technology from all three security disciplines, access, intrusion and video on a global basis.

So, early access to any product development information can only improve a partner s possibility to gain in positioning and competitiveness. Check out the latest security solutions from Vanderbilt at IFSEC International, 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. You can find them on stand E1225. Get your free badge now. Visit Europe s only large-scale security event in 2017 IFSEC International is taking place at Excel London, 20 22 June 2017, here are 5 reasons you should attend: Exclusive hands-on access to over 10,000 brand new security solutions Network with over 27,000 security professionals Discounts of up to 30% exclusively for IFSEC 150 hours of seminars, workshops and keynote speeches A 1-2-1 meetings service to pre-book face to face meetings.

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BSIA expands business awards with three new categories

Industry news The British Security Industry Association (BSIA) has launched three new awards, expanding its existing awards programme, opening it up to contributions from across its membership. The Security Business Awards will be presented at the BSIA s annual luncheon, in Covent Garden s Grand Connaught Rooms in July 2017, before an audience of security business leaders as well as representatives from police forces and government. There are three awards categories.

The International Partnership Award underscores the capability of the UK security industry in embodying the BSIA s export brand values of world class security through innovation and experience. The award will be given to a BSIA member company that has overcome challenges to deliver a project outside the UK either for an overseas customer or partner organisation. The Environmental Award recognises the commitment of a security company, or its employees, to improve sustainability within the organisation, or to improve their local community s wider environment. The Innovative Security Project of the Year Award recognises projects that mark a first for either the industry, a particular market, or a new application of an existing security solution. The BSIA s head of marketing and communications, Amanda Caton, says: Our established awards scheme is already successful in enabling us to recognise and reward the outstanding contributions made by security personnel, but we wanted to ensure that we re also recognising companies wider commitments to promoting the worldwide reputation of the industry, improving corporate social responsibility and applying existing solutions in new and innovative ways. Nomination forms are available to download from the BSIA s website. The BSIA is a longstanding and valued partner of, and exhibitor at, IFSEC International, Europe s biggest fire and security trade show taking place 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. Get your free badge now. Visit Europe s leading security event in June 2017 Visit IFSEC International for exclusive access to every security product on the market, live product demonstrations and networking with thousands of security professionals.

From access control and video surveillance to smart buildings, cyber, border control and so much more. It is the perfect way to keep up to date, protect your business and enhance your career in the security industry. Click here to register your place now to join us at London Excel on 20 22 June 2017.

How network video can support suicide prevention on the rail network

It describes some current suicide counter-measures and details the size of the challenge which the rail industry faces. This paper explains how IP network video can support existing measures in order to provide an effective overall suicide prevention solution. This paper does not attempt to find broader resolution to the questions around suicide and refrains from exploring the personal and tragic circumstances surrounding many of the individuals who find themselves attempting or committing this act.

Lucas Young Business development manager, transportation Axis Communications [email protected] Connect with me on LinkedIn

CEDIA advises on smart wiring

Due to today s ever growing reliance on digital and smart appliances, security professionals are facing greater pressure to install complex cabling infrastructures needed to support smart home technology. Simon Buddle, Education Director at CEDIA EMEA, highlights the importance of installing an efficient and secure residential cabling system. He explains how professionals can provide clients with the right cabling requirements for the modern home of today and tomorrow.

Wiring in the evolving smart home Technology is increasingly infiltrating the home. With virtually all household technologies part of the home network, a simple phone line and TV antenna is no longer adequate to support the technology that is now available to homeowners. As a result, many require comprehensive wiring infrastructures and data network systems that are suitable for the modern smart home. In order to prevent opportunists from doing it themselves , it s crucial for security professionals to offer a a service that benefits homeowners. A correctly wired infrastructure at the very first stage of building or renovating is fundamental to homeowners who want technology. A common phrase heard among the home technology industry is the most expensive cable you have to install is the one that did not get installed in the first place . The basis of a smart home is the infrastructure, the cables. Not all properties require technology at this stage. But it is crucial for the correct wiring to be in place so that it is ready for the future.

A wired infrastructure can set up the home for future applications, whilst still preserving the d cor of the home and adding value. The rise of smart wiring presents a great opportunity for security professionals. The home technology sector presents a lucrative opportunity for these professionals to expand their reach and create new business. By offering a more complete service for the home, including specialist services, such as fitting reliable cabling infrastructure, security professionals can guarantee their businesses will be more resilient. It could help them through tough times as they pick up more work from new and existing customers. CEDIA s smart wiring education To make sure security professionals are up-to-date with the latest skills and knowledge, CEDIA has best practice advice for wiring smart homes. CEDIA has a number of courses for those who want to extend their cabling knowledge. One of their most popular education programmes is its one day Smart Home Wiring course. Attendees learn how to plan and install a wireless infrastructure that can withstand and integrate a range of modern technological demands.

Based on the Smart Home Infrastructure Recommended Guidelines , it promises to leave attendees with a clear understanding of how a modern home should be cabled for new technologies, and future flexibility. CEDIA s the Smart Home Infrastructure Recommended Guidelines is perfect for security professionals looking to move into the home technology market or gain a wider understanding of the subject. The document aims to help security professionals understand the comprehensive cabling infrastructure required for the modern home. It sets out a plan for a far more integrated and modern approach to wiring homes. CEDIA at IFSEC CEDIA is hosting a number of training sessions at IFSEC International 2017. The 90 minute training sessions will take place in South Gallery Suite 8 at ExCeL on 20 th and 21 st of June: 20th June: Introduction To Smart Home Technology IP Networking for the Smarthome WiFi Tips & Tricks For The Modern Home Intro to Audio, Video & Home Entertainment 21st June: Introduction To Smart Home Technology Building A Business In The Smart Home Marketplace Panel Discussion Lighting Control For The Secure Home Wiring Infrastructure For The Modern Home For more information on what advice, courses and literature CEDIA can offer security professionals, please visit www.cedia.co.uk Be smart come to IFSEC International 2017 The Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming an ever important element of various technology solutions for the smart home. The ability to connect, communicate with, and remotely manage a vast number of networked, automated devices via the internet is now inescapable.

This June, the latest smart products are on hand to test and trial throughout the exhibition as well as a dedicated smart seminar theatre, and training sessions on the show floor.

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C-TEC to showcase new CAST protocol fire alarm system and EN54-23-certified VADs

FIREX 2017 CAST, C-TEC s flagship fire alarm and detection system, will be the biggest draw on the Wigan-based life-safety innovator s stand at FIREX 2017. CAST panels, which use C-TEC s own protocol, are designed to integrate seamlessly with an extensive range of C-TEC-manufactured fire detectors, sounders, call points and interfaces. C-TEC will also showcase its high-performance range of EN54-23-certified visual alarm devices (VADs) and an advanced range of hybrid digital power supplies.

FIREX is a superb platform for new innovations and we are looking forward to exhibiting some very exciting products particularly our CAST addressable system, now in operation at multiple BETA sites and very close to full release, said Andy Green, C-TEC s marketing manager. C-TEC is currently hosting a series of free educational CPD events across the UK. C-TEC s sister company SigNET, meanwhile, was recently named exclusive UK distributor for RCF s new emergency evacuation voice alarms. C-TEC is exhibiting at FIREX International, 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. Visit stand G140 to see C-TEC s latest fire alarms and life safety electronic systems. Get your free badge now. Visit FIREX International for cutting-edge solutions, essential knowledge and the ability to grow your business by getting direct access to the whole fire safety industry. It is the perfect place to get your product in front of thousands of buyers, across a multitude of featured areas. From the brand new Drone Zone, the ARC Village, ASFP Passive Protection Zone, the Engineers of Tomorrow competition and more, it s all under one roof so you ll never miss a beat.

Click here to register your place now to join us at London Excel on 20 22 June

Blue light warning: How the false alarm epidemic continues to resist all remedies

More than 50% of the 600,000 callout incidents attended by fire and rescue services annually (FRS) are false alarms, according to the latest statistics from the Fire Service. The cost of this wasted time for both business and the fire service is estimated to be well in excess of 1 billion per year, in part as a result of downtime from groundless evacuations. In the last five years this position has not appreciably changed.

What s more, false fire alarms from automatic alarm systems due to poor maintenance are on the increase. As to the ratio between real fire emergencies and false alarms, regrettably in England a sustained trend for the past five years shows the number of false alarm call outs actually exceeding real primary fire call outs by a significant margin, which is in itself a damningly cautionary finding. In London this ratio is, exceptionally, two to one (and currently reflecting a slight increase in unwanted calls against target aims). These blue light responses, then, to automated unwanted fire alarm signals (UFAS) represent a grave menace, hindering services that could be needed at a genuine emergency or even interrupting critical front-line training for first responders . Beyond such considerations as this needless burden on the FRS authorities, business disruptions that lead to a loss of productivity, the reduced confidence of the general public, and even the environmental impact of inessential emergency appliance movements all need to be taken into account. Hospitals have been identified as responsible for the vast majority of the false alarms that the capital s firefighters are called out to And this persistent malfunctioning of fire alarms is even more glaringly highlighted when you stop to consider the recent deliberations by the UK government on the creation of multi-agency Strategic Command Centres embracing the blue light emergency services Fire, Ambulance and Police. In the view of some analysts, this new configuration of the services is likely to spark debate about multiple call outs and the cost implications of all three services responding to incidents, when so very often a reported event can be a false alert. Tri-Service Control Centres It s a concern foreseen and amplified by the Chief Fire Officers Association, one of whose chief officers comments: Until an event is attended and confirmed as a false alarm it will always be treated as an emergency and responded to by the appropriate service or services. The National Police Chiefs Council also anticipates an enhanced collaborative response arising from the Tri-Service Control Centres: We welcome any opportunity to enable the blue light services to work more effectively together in the public interest . . .

They can concentrate expertise, save money, help deal with crises and share best practice. So, in short, this proposed drive towards a more joined-up response to emergencies intends to coordinate front-line services to yield more efficiencies in time-savings and management of personnel, with joint decision-making aimed to prioritise blue light call outs concentrated on inter-operable control rooms. Yet the question remains, will these new efficiencies be reciprocated by risk management in a renewed commitment to defeat false alarms in their communities by improving the functional integrity of the Automatic Fire Detection and Fire Alarm Systems (AFDS) on which the public rely? Hospitals Since the London Fire Brigade (LFB) introduced its penalty charging scheme for excessive false fire alarm call outs in January 2014, the potential for the LFB to collect millions in penalties from the worst culprits in the capital has remained a possible outcome (at present, for 2017, the scheme is suspended for review). Hospitals have been identified as responsible for the vast majority of the false alarms that the capital s firefighters are called out to. The LFB s figures from before the scheme s inception show that firefighters were called out, overall, to over 400 locations annually (each more than ten times) in response to false fire alarms, costing the brigade about 800,000. This frequency equates to a false alarm every 15 minutes in London. Overall, false alarms from automatic systems still account for around 40,000 call outs for the LFB every year, set against call outs of around half that number to real fires. The very latest LFB figures for cost recovery for non domestic premises generating 10 or more calls a year, continue to record a potential recovery value on average of approaching 500,000 in charges every 12 months.

Crying Wolf Unwanted Fire Signals that cry wolf in this manner place a vast burden on Fire and Rescue Services by unnecessarily tying up fire engines and firefighters on needless call-outs, when they may be needed at a genuine emergency. Sophisticated predictive technology reduces the problem by resolving potential problems before they arise That is why the pressure on risk management and, more particularly, Responsible Persons to cut the risks of false alarms is intensifying. What s more, by tolerating a norm of frequent needless fire alarm annunciations, negligent premises management can create a dangerous mood of apathy among staff that could very easily lead to widespread irresponsiveness should a real fire break out. Intelligence convergence for remote troubleshooting For responsible risk management, current best practice conditioned by ecological concerns seeks to reduce the impact on the environment that potentially arises from the life cycle of a fire system. Today, fire prevention is an essential element of Building Management Systems (BMSs) integrated with an IT infrastructure purposed to fully exploit Intelligence Convergence, allowing direct integration into intelligent buildings via any device capable of establishing an internet connection, granting risk management instant access to review the system, including the status of fire detection devices in real time. Current solutions encompass smart security systems such as access control/ID systems, video surveillance/analytics, intrusion detection, and life safety . . . all extending the capability for remote diagnostics that confer the ecological benefits of increased efficiency yielded by fault-free systems. For example: servicing, maintenance and false call outs all contribute to increased CO2 levels in the atmosphere leading to changes in global environmental conditions. These hazards can be significantly reduced by the use of sophisticated predictive technology, reducing the need to travel by allowing potential problems to be resolved before they arise.

Predictive technology can include the management of fire and security servicing inspection routines, false fire alarm interrogation and diagnosis, or the scheduling of system maintenance call-outs. At the same time, these examples of Intelligence Convergence can benefit users with the capability to support a full audit trail for traceability and regulatory compliance.

10 practical steps towards combating the false alarms menace As the latest statistics suggest, a number of remedies to stimulate behavioural change can be derived from analysis of common shortcomings at malfunctioning sites: Enhanced maintenance routines are evidently a priority, and certainly they re a key requirement embedded in any regular review a fire risk assessment in compliance with the Fire Safety Order Troubleshooting for predictive maintenance is facilitated by comprehensively monitored configurable Automatic Fire Alarm systems to ensure integrity of alarm device functionality, supported by EN 54-2 approved Analogue Addressable panels. Specification of sensing devices that further reduce susceptibility to false alarms by their embedded intelligence to discriminate between spurious fire events and genuine ones. Multisensors are the considered choice when replacing problem detectors; or the changing of devices from smoke to heat in certain locations when necessary. Specification of high-integrity fire data communications via accessible configurable networks whose performance to minimise false activations is defined by the highest reliability in resistance to outside interference. Constant reviews should be maintained as to change of use within premises because such changes can affect the sensitivity of detectors, requiring appointed fire alarm maintenance personnel to update/upgrade the system. Improved training of responsible risk management. Advise users of fire detection systems that these lifelines are connected to an ARC (Alarm Receiving Centre) and emphasise the gravity of an UFAS (automated unwanted fire alarm signal) resulting in a costly call out, endangering genuine call outs. More rigorous supervision of negligent testing of the system where the routine to take it off-line is persistently disregarded thus triggering a UFAS at the ARC.

Incorrect positioning of sensing/detecting devices contrary to specification s installation data. Unregulated misuse of premises: toasters, cigarette smoking, steam from kettle in office, even aerosol sprays (used by cleaning staff) near smoke detectors can cause false alarms. Arising from recommendations that both BS 5839-1:2013 and BS 9999:2017 lay emphasis on, accurate up-to-date Zone Plans for rapid orientation for building occupants and the emergency services alike are cited as key aids. Such plans should be adjacent to the control & indicating equipment and, as may be imagined, their prominent depiction of fire alarm zones that accurately match the physical layout within the building hasten the identification of the location of alarms in an emergency, whether real or false. Visit FIREX International for cutting-edge solutions, essential knowledge and the ability to grow your business by getting direct access to the whole fire safety industry. It is the perfect place to get your product in front of thousands of buyers, across a multitude of featured areas. From the brand new Drone Zone, the ARC Village, ASFP Passive Protection Zone, the Engineers of Tomorrow competition and more, it s all under one roof so you ll never miss a beat.

Click here to register your place now to join us at London Excel on 20 22 June

Urban resilience: maintaining the flow of assets, information and people in megacities

Take a snapshot of a city on an ordinary day and you ll see people commuting from place to place, rubbish being collected, students attending class, electricity emerging at the flick of a switch and countless other activities, most invisible to even the most focused observer. In many ways, cities are all about the flow of assets, information and people. A lot of people.

Today, more than half of the world s population lives in an urban area. In a little over 30 years, this will rise to two thirds, and it s predicted that, as early 2030, our planet will have 41 megacities with well over 10 million inhabitants each. This is great news. After all, a successful city attracts businesses, fosters innovation and provides incredible opportunities for its citizens. But how do we construct and manage cities so that everything, and everyone, flows smoothly today and in the future? In short, how can we ensure that our cities will continue to succeed as they grow? After all, a city that works is a city you want to be in. A key indicator of success is a city s urban resilience. We know that the ability to get back to normal as quickly as possible following an incident, unplanned event or emergency is essential as it makes citizens feel safe and allows businesses to continue to thrive.

Gone are the days when urban safety was the sole responsibility of law enforcement And since cities are seen as hubs of commerce and leisure, heightened levels of crime or even the fear of crime can fundamentally undermine the quality of urban life for citizens. The challenge then is how to put systems and processes in place that keep our cities safe while allowing them to adapt and grow as populations increase and technology advances. How do we keep our cities resilient even as their make-up changes? Open communication and connection Increasingly, the resilience of cities depends on the open communication and connection between a wide variety of systems and organisations. Gone are the days when urban safety was the sole responsibility of law enforcement. Businesses, traffic control, public works, schools, transit authorities, hospital administrations and so on all have important roles to play and can add meaningful often vital input into any emergency response plan. For example, the earthquake and Tsunami that struck Japan in 2011 destroyed one of the country s main highways. Within six days of the disaster, as part of that country s emergency plan, it was completely repaired, including its road lane markings. This facilitated the movement of supplies and work crews into, and citizens out of, the affected area, thereby increasing their resilience.

Different agencies can end up working in silos, ultimately leading to breakdowns in communication While road markings might not be at the top of anyone s to-do list following a natural disaster, the Japanese government and other organisations were able to determine the best course of action required to address very real but not obvious problems through advanced communication and preparation. In many cities, however, and for a variety of reasons, we see stakeholders who are not collaborating with one another. Business leaders, city planners, municipal infrastructure leaders, fire departments and law enforcement can end up working in silos, ultimately leading to breakdowns in communication, missed opportunities and lapses in city security. This is felt most acutely during an emergency when silos turn into blind-spots and a lack of cooperation can create opportunities for criminal activity, making a city and its people more vulnerable. Bring stakeholders together Fortunately, we have also seen that, when we break down these silos and share information, great things can happen. As we ve seen in Detroit, a city can almost instantly lower its crime rate by connecting HD video from gas stations and convenience stores with law enforcement. This seemingly straightforward move has the added benefit of increasing public safety while helping local businesses thrive. As a result, a resilient city that embraces these new technologies, can yield stronger and safer communities where citizens want to reside and do business. Our task is to establish strong foundations that support and maintain the efficient flow of people, assets and ideas in our cities.

These foundations must allow our city and community stakeholders to communicate effectively both now and in the future. Because, when given the opportunity to share technology, resources and information, cities can significantly improve the way they meet challenges and solve problems making an ordinary everyday possible via extraordinary technologies and collaboration. Genetec is the official sponsor of Borders & Infastructure Expo, which debuts at IFSEC 2017 in June. Genetec are also exhibiting on stand F500 at the show, which takes place 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. Get your free badge now. Join other high-end security professionals at the launch of Borders & Infrastructure Expo In conjunction with Europe s most renowned security event , IFSEC International, B&I is addressing your critical needs for large scale security projects affecting national security, integrated systems, border protection and much more. You will have access to test the latest security innovations in; Physical & perimeter, Barriers & bollards, Command & control, Emergency response, Cyber solutions, Drones & UAVs, Transport security and much more.

Click here to register your place now to join us at London Excel on 20 22 June 2017.

Physical security professionals: do you really need to care about cybersecurity too?

So we all know that cybersecurity is important. It s mentioned in the national news on almost a daily basis, whether it be about the government vulnerabilities, cyberterrorism, or major retailers letting criminals steal millions of customer s credit card details. But, like securing physical spaces, it s one of those things that only becomes newsworthy when it fails.

For a long time, physical security was strictly analog, and it s only connection to the IT network was at its end point. And therefore, those responsible for physical security didn t need to concern themselves with worrying about network security, while at the same time, the IT department didn t need to be concerned with any undue exposure from cameras etc. Game-changer Sure hacks have always occurred even in analogue systems (the prototypical breach through a baby monitor or garage door opener being well known examples). But now that IP-based security systems are becoming the norm, with all the associated benefits, both sides need to be aware that the game has changed. The challenge, as we see it, is that the physical security team and the IT team have, on the face of it, very different outlooks and priorities, and often don t really understand each other. Physical security is from Mars and the IT department is from Venus! Often it can simply be a language/jargon barrier, where neither side truly gets what the other one is talking about. But in many cases, it can also be more akin to a border dispute, or a custody battle for an unwanted child: the physical security team don t consider cybersecurity to be part of their job, and the IT department may not even be aware of the potential vulnerabilities from a variety of devices that appear to have no obvious users or owners. One phrase stuck in my head after a recent conversation about cybersecurity with a customer: We are glad Axis is thinking about this stuff, and it s interesting, but we are pretty relaxed about it right now, they said.

And if they haven t been attacked (or at least don t know if they have been attacked), then that response is often followed by Cybersecurity is something that the IT department is worried about I just have to make sure this building is secure. At the same time, when I have talked to the IT department, they have sometimes been unaware of the potential exposure of unsecured IP cameras. So, how do we, as an industry, get the physical security manager to take IT security seriously? And conversely, how do we help the IT security team to talk to their physical security colleagues in a language that they understand? Actually, it s not that complicated. The best way is to use the terminology that they are both familiar with: IT Team Physical Team Don t use default passwords, make them hard to guess and change them often Install decent locks and make sure the keys are hard to copy Make sure to have proper user management tools in place Don t give out more keys than you absolutely have to instead put in some access controls Make sure devices lock themselves if not being used Lock the doors! Detect network breaches Detect intruders Don t leave any backdoors open, just in case Don t prop open that fire escape just in case Put up a firewall around your network to stop people casually wandering in Put a fence up around your perimeter to stop people casually wandering in However, not all organisations and businesses are the same, and some already have good communication between these two departments, and a good awareness of the threats they need to tackle together. What I have seen is that organizations tend to fit into one of three broad categories depending on their understanding of the threat they face. From enterprise-level to small businesses: how cybersecurity approaches compare At the top are those whose brand, business or credibility is based around trust and security for example banks.

By and large, they place security very high up their list of priorities, be it physical or computer-related, and it is ingrained within their corporate culture. They are often cautious about embracing new technologies until they can be sure that their security won t be compromised. This is especially true of new devices being connected to their network, such as cameras, access control points, etc. So their IT departments are highly unlikely to allow any new IP-based equipment to be connected without ensuring they have been properly sourced, tested and set-up. Next there are those who are aware that they may be vulnerable to cyber-attacks, but may not have the specific expertise in-house to properly analyse their risks, nor how to mitigate them. However, they are at least willing to get advice, even if it s not a critical priority for them. These companies probably are the most at risk with enough complexity in their networks to make management a full-time job, but possibly without sufficient resources to properly police every device that gets connected. Lastly, there are those, usually smaller businesses, who have very little understanding of cybersecurity at all, and even less idea that devices such as cameras need to be properly secured before being connected to a network. They rarely have a full-time IT manager, let alone a person with sole responsibility for physical security.

For these businesses, a very simple, automated set-up is ideal, with all security being taken care of out of the box. For example, the Axis Companion provides cameras, recorders, memory cards and a video management system all in one package. Lessons from major camera hacks In the end, though, both the IT and physical security departments need to care about the problem enough to want to engage with each other, and not just pass the buck back and forth until an attack actually happens. So how to do that? Unfortunately, the case has already been made for us, on several recent occasions. It was only a few months ago, that the Mirai BotNet attack demonstrated how vulnerable IoT devices can be, how ubiquitous they are, and how these two facts make for a highly attractive opportunity for hackers. Over several months, cybercriminals infected multiple millions of devices, including IP cameras, DVRs, home routers, etc. Then, in September 2016, it was first used to run a massive DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attack on the website of a prominent security journalist, KrebsOnSecurity.com. A month later, it was followed by the largest DDoS attack in history, going after Dyn.com, one of the key parts of the US internet backbone, upon which services such as Netflix, Spotify and Amazon rely.

Now, some may say that not being able to watch the latest episode of Orange is the New Black may not be a huge threat to Western civilization, but this just goes to show the potential of what can be done with physical security devices that haven t been properly hardened against cyber-attack. The majority of the devices infected had easy-to-guess default passwords that had never been changed or even worse, could not be changed at all. Or there were the devices with backdoors built into them to make it easier for the manufacturer to debug them during development, but were never closed again before production. In December 2016, 80 plus cameras from a major manufacturer were found to have backdoor accounts. A month later, it was reported in the Washington Post that for three days the Washington DC Police were unable to record video from their security cameras due to 70% of their storage devices being hacked. So, we know that this won t be the last time. The internet of things is currently an easy target, and even more so because there are very few human beings in the loop, so there is almost no-one to notice when an attack has occurred until too late. As the Mirai BotNet attack showed, an attack might not even directly affect the host, so there is even less chance of spotting an infection unless you are paying close attention. Attend IFSEC International 2017 to stay protected As systems and software become increasingly connected, the consequences of a cyber-attack become greater every day, with the average breach costing businesses up to $3.8 million, do not leave it until tomorrow to act.

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Using radar sensors in security applications: benefits and technical deployment

In depth For surveillance tasks in the safety and security field, radar sensors are often essential instruments. The benefits of radars are evident: radar is capable of detecting motion, measuring speed, distance and the angle of arrival as well as the direction of movement. Radar can work in adverse conditions like rain, fog and dust and is able to cover long range as well as close distance.

It preserves anonymity due to the fact, that it is not able to deliver high-resolution pictures from faces or license plates, which ensures its acceptance. Motion sensors for anti-burglary protection systems indoor or outdoor are very inexpensive components, which take advantage of the doppler effect. In this application, radar replaces more and more the Passive Infrared Sensors, which have established in the past because of their low price. Reliable Radar, however, is much more reliable, because it is not affected by thermal variations and it offers additional information like direction of movement and the actual speed, making detection safer and more robust. InnoSenT offers an innovative solution with the SMR series. SMR stands for surface-mountable radar and describes a tiny, 15mm x 20mm x 3mm, Radar frontend, which is delivered on tape and reel and which can automatically be pick-and-placed and soldered to the customer s PCB in a standard SMT process. This ultra-small device incorporates a complete 24GHz transceiver including a low noise amplifier. Persons can be safely detected in a distance of up to 15m. It consumes only 45mA from a 3.3V voltage source.

For power sensitive applications e.g. in battery powered systems the power consumption can be drastically reduced by operating the sensor in a pulsed mode. Using a duty cycle of 1:1000 or even less it is possible to reduce the average operating current to a few microamps. Three different antenna variants are available to cover a field of view ranging from 40 to 120 degrees. In case distance information is also necessary, the SMR can be supplied optionally as a VCO-transceiver, which can be frequency-modulated by applying an analog modulation signal to the VCO input. A frequency divider output, switchable between two different division ratios, gives the opportunity to read back the frequency or to operate the device in a phase locked loop. SMR: The surface-mountable radar For far range area surveillance the ISYS-3106 is a perfect choice. It is a full digital FSK- radar, which detects moving objects with a radial speed component of 0.25km/h up to 140km/h. The Frequency-Shift-Keying-modulation suppresses unwanted clutter from stationary objects very effectively.

A person is visible in up to 300m distance. The field of view (half power beamwidth) is 15 degrees in azimuth and 10 degrees in elevation. Broader view If a broader view is required, two sensors can be combined in a Master-Slave configuration. An object list as well as tracks of detected targets with range, speed and angle information is accessible via Ethernet interface. Due to the sensor s architecture, multiple objects can be captured, and they can be separated as long as they differ in speed or range. ISYS-3106: coverage of two sensors in master-slave configuration Real 3D-resolution (in range, speed and angle) can be achieved with MIMO-architectures, which have multiple inputs and multiple outputs. The ISYS-5010 is an example for a sophisticated MIMO-radar, which uses 4 receivers and 2 transmitters to generate 8 virtual antennas with an angular resolution of 16 degrees in azimuth. Two additional transmitters are used to extract the angle information in elevation. ISYS-5010: separation of objects in range, speed and angle The radar employs two-stage LNAs for each receive channel for lowest noise performance.

The distance and speed information are gained from a 2D-Fast-Chirp-FMCW modulation (frequency modulated continuous wave) capturing also non-moving objects in up to 55m distance. The sensor provides a target list on SPI and it can be configured via UART with the help of a supplied Graphical Users Interface. Many security applications can be covered with InnoSenT s standard product portfolio. On demand, customised developments will also meet exceptional challenges. Check out the latest radar sensors from InnoSenT at IFSEC International, 20-22 June 2017, London ExCeL. You can find InnoSenT on stand F1180. Join other high-end security professionals at the launch of Borders & Infrastructure Expo In conjunction with Europe s most renowned security event , IFSEC International, B&I is addressing your critical needs for large scale security projects affecting national security, integrated systems, border protection and much more.

You will have access to test the latest security innovations in; Physical & perimeter, Barriers & bollards, Command & control, Emergency response, Cyber solutions, Drones & UAVs, Transport security and much more.

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